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Political Science 11

11 Vocab

Bill A proposed legislative act.
Cloture A way a defeating a senate filibuster
Conference Committees Joint committees formed temporarily to work out differences in House and Senate versions of a particular Bill.
Constituency The people that reside in the incumbent's state or district.
Filibuster a procedural tactic whereby a minority of Senators can block a Bill by talking until the other Senators give in and the Bill is withdrawn from consideration or altered to their liking.
Gerrymandering The party in power divides their state into districts that favor the candidates of their particular party.
Incucumbent Office-holder
Law Bill signed by president
Lawmaking function the authority to make laws necessary to carry out the powers granted to the national gov't
Logrolling the practice of trading one's vote with another member's so that they both get what they want.
Mid-term election The reelections of the House and Senate (every 4 years)
Open-seat election Race with out a person running for reelection.
Oversight function Congress's responsibility to see that the executive branch carries out the laws faithfully
Party Caucus a meeting where member of a political party get together to decide policies and choose candidate to run for election,
Party Leader a person who will lead his/her party's efforts in the chamber.
Party Unity Members of a party band together on legislation and stand against political opposition.
Pork (an example) federal spending projects that help out their state. (i.e: New Hospital, research center, or highway)
Reapportionment a reallocation of the 435 seats in the HOR among states in proportion to their population, every 10 years. (After the population census)
Redistricting The responsibility for redrawing House election districts after a reapportionment.
Rider an amendment to a bill. (i.e: an anti-abortion amendment to a bill dealing with defense expenditures)
Service strategy Incumbent responding to their constituents' individual requests
Standing Committees (Where most of the work in congress is conducted) Permanent committees with responsibility for particular ares of public policy.
Select Committees created for a specific time period and purpose.
The Senate majority whip sees to it that members know when important votes are scheduled.
second most powerful federal official in Washington, D.C. the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
# of voting members in the U.S. House of Representatives 435
# of voting members in the U.S. Senate 100
The Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 requires that each bill introduced in Congress be referred to the proper committee.
Nearly 90 percent of contributions by PACs go to incumbents
House Rules Committee controls the scheduling of bills for debate in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Government Accountability Office has primary responsibility for overseeing executive agencies' spending of money that has been appropriated by Congress
Created by: jtimmon1
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