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New Spain

Spain in the New World

QuestionAnswer
Where Spain traveled in the New World Caribbean Islands, South America (Peru), SW U.S., SE U.S., Mexico, Central America
What Spain wanted to get in the New World Gold, glory (or fame), and convert Indians to Catholic faith
What Spanish explorers/conquerers were called Conquistadors
Magellan Spanish conquistador that traveled the Pacific Ocean, and although not true, has been given for going around the globe via the ocean
Cortes Spanish conquistador that traveled to Mexico and conquered the Aztec civilization
Pizarro Spanish conquistador that traveled to South America and conquered the Inca civilization
Ponce de Leon Spanish conquistador that traveled to Florida looking for the fountain of youth; did not find it
Coronado Spanish conquistador that traveled to Southwest US looking for the 7 cities of Gold; did not find them
Reasons the Spanish were successful against the Native Americans Had guns, swords (steel), horses, and germs
What was the disease that the Spanish spread quickly to the Native Americans? Smallpox
The animal that the Americas had never seen before that probably frightened them when ridden by the Spanish Horses
Name for Spain in the New World New Spain
Besides the King, this person was in charge in New Spain Viceroy
Laws that stated the organization and set-up of New Spain, including the 4 social classes and 3 types of settlements Laws of the Indies
Law that let Spanish land owners in New Spain tax or work Indians on their land Encomiendas
Bartolome de Las Casas Spanish priest that came to the New World, saw the horrible treatment of the Native Americans, and went back to Spain to plead and argue for better treatment of the Indians in the New World.
Highest social class of Spanish-born people; held top jobs in government and religion Peninsulares
2nd highest social class of New Spain; born in New World to Spanish-born parents. Well-educated and held jobs at universities, lawyers, or small land owners Creoles
2nd lowest social class consisting of mixed Indian and Spanish blood; often small-time farmers and other jobs like blacksmith, tailor, baker, etc. Mestizos
Lowest social class in New Spain; lived in poverty and slavery Indians
The number of social classes in New Spain 4
The number of settlements in New Spain 3
The 3 types of settlements in New Spain Pueblos, presidios, and missions
A type of settlement in NEw Spain that was the center of farming and trade; place where people gathered to hold meetings and trade Pueblos
A type of settlement in New Spain that had high, thick walls and housed soldiers, as well as had supply storage, stables, and some shops Presidio
A type of settlement in New Spain that was a place where Catholic priests worked to convert Native Americans Missions
Created by: McGrath2012