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Chapter 15 Vocab

Logan McGee US History 10/30/12 Block 3

QuestionAnswer
1. Unconditional Surrender giving up completely without any concession
2. Saturation Bombing Tactic of dropping massive amounts of bombs in order to inflict maximum damage
3. Strategic Bombing Tactic of dropping bombs on key political and industries targets
4. Tuskegee Airmen African American squadron that escorted bombers in the air war over Europe furing WWII
5. Battle of Midway Turning point of WWII in the Pacific, in which the Japanese advance was stopped
6. Executive Order 8802 WWII measure that assured fair hiring practices in any job funded by the government
7. Bracero Program plan that brought laborers from Mexico to work on American farms
8. Internment temporary imprisonment of members of a specific group
9. Korematsu v. United States the supreme court upheld the govt. wartime internment policy
10. 442nd Regimental Combat Team fought in the Italian compaign and became the most decorated military unit in American history
11. Rationing government-controlled limits on the amount of certain goods that civilians could buy during wartime
12. OWI government agency that encouraged support of the war effort during WWII
13. D-Day June 6, 1944, the day Allies landed on the beaches of Normanady, France
14. Battle of the Bulge in Decemeber 1944, Hitler ordered a counterattack on Allied troops in Belgium, but it crippled Germany by using up reserves and demoralizing its troops
15. Island Hopping World War II strategy that involed seizing selected Japanese-help islands in the Pacific while bypassing others
16. Kamikaze Japanese pilots who deliberately crashed planes into American ships during WWII
17. Manhattan Project code name of the project that developed the atomic bomb
18. Holocaust name now used to describe the systematic murder of Jews by the Nazis
19. anti-Semitism Prejudic and dicrimination against Jewish people
20. Nuremberg Laws laws enacted by Hitler that denied German citizenship to Jews
21. Kristallnacht "Night of the Broken Glass," organized attacks on Jewish comminities in Germany on November 9, 1938
22. Genocide willful annihilation of racial, political, or cultural group
23. Concentration Camp camps used by the Nazis to imprison "undesirable" members of society
24. Death Camp Nazi camp designed for the extermination of prosoners
25. War Refugee Board U.S. govt. agency founded in 1944 to save Eastern European Jews
26. Yalta Conference 1945 Strategy meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin
27. Superpower powerful country that plays a dominant economic, polical, and military role in the world
28. GATT international agreement first signed in 1947 aimed at lowering trade barriers
29. United Nations Organization founded in 1945 to promote peace
30. Universal Declaration of Human Rights document issued bu the UN to promote basic human rights and freedoms
31. Geneva Convention internations agreement governing the himane tratment of wounded soliders and prisoners of war
32. Nuremberg trails in which Nazi leaders were charged with war crimes
Created by: LMcGee96