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hunt- ch 14 &15

QuestionAnswer
1. anti-semitic prejudice against jews
2. spanish civil war facists were fictorious. bloody conflict from 1936-1939
3. appeasement granting concessions to potential enemy in hopoe that it will maintain peaceful
4. anschluss union between austria and germany
5. munich pact agreement made between germany italy britain and france in 1938 that sacrificed sudetenland to preserve peace
6. blitzkrieg sudden attack
7. axis powers germany italy japan and several other nations
8. allies britain france and eventually the US Soviet Union and China
9. neutrality act of 1939 cash and carry provision. other countries could buy goods from the US if they paid cash and carried the goods on their own ships
10. lend-lease act authorized roosevelt to sell, transfer title to, lease, lend or otherwise dispose of to any such gov any defense article whenever he thought it was necessary in the interest of the defense of the US
11. tripartite pact pact between germany italy and japan to become allies of each other
12. atlantic charter article that endorsed national self-determination and an international system of general security
13. pearl harbor US navy's main pacific base, bombed by japan
14. WAC women's army corps. provided clerical workers truck drivers instructors and lab technicians for the US army
15. bataan death march during ww2 the forced march of american and filipino POW's under brutal conditions by the japanese
16. battle of coral sea ww2 battle theat took place between american and japanese aircraft carriers
17. unconditional surrender giving up completely without any concessions
18. saturation bombing inflicted maximun damage
19. strategic bombing destroyed germanys capacity to make war
20. tuskegee airmen african american fighter squadron. escorted bombers and protected them from enemy fighter pilots
21. battle of midway turning point of the war in the pacific
22. executive order 8802 assured fair hiring practices in any job funded iwith gov. moneyand established the FAIR EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES COMMITTEE to enforce these requirements
23. bracero program brought laborers from mexico to work on US farms
24. internment temp imprisonment of members of a specific group
25. korematsu v. US supreme court unhelp the gov's wartime internment policy
26. 442nd regimental combat team fought in the italian campaign and ebcame the most decorated militry unit in US history
27. rationing form of economic control
28. OWI office of war info. worked with media to support the war effort
29. D Day allies hit germany in force
30. battle of the bulge germany caught allies by suprise in a counter attack. almost succeeded.
31. island hopping capturing some japanese held islands and ignoring others in a steady path toward japan
32. kamikaze pilots who deliberately crashed their planes into american ships
33. manhattan project cost billions of dollars but emplayed tens of thousands of people
34. holocaust nazi attampt to kills all jews under their controls
35. anti semitism prejudice towards jews
36. nuremburg laws denied german citizenship to jews. named after the city that served as the center for nazi spiritualism
37. kristallnacht night of broken glass. most serious act of violence towards jews.
38. genocide annihilation of a certain group of people.
39. concentration camps where members of specially designated groups were confined
40. death camp where groups of people were systematically exterminated
41. war refugee board worked with red cross to save thousands of eastern european jews
42. yalta conference the big 3 agreed that poland bulgaria and romania would hold free elections
43. superpower US and Soviet Union. emerged confident and strong from the war.
44. GATT general agreement on tariff and trade. 1948 treaty designed to expand world trade by reducing tariffs.
45. united nations organizatoin that would take the place of the league of nations
46. universal declaration of human rights issued by the UN.condemned slavery and torture. upholds freedom of speech and religion and affirms that everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family
47. geneva convention an international agreement governing the humane treatment of wounded soldiers and POW's
48. nuremburg trials allies prosecuted nazis for war crimes
Created by: cdbryant