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APUSH terms #8

The growth of the federal government after the "Revolution of 1800."

Terms Definition and Significance
Louisiana Purchase "The territory sold by France to the US in 1803, comprising the western part of the Mississippi valley." It expanded the U.S. land as well as opened up a large new landmass of natural resources.
Meriwether Lewis Personal secretary of Jefferson sent to explore the land of the Louisiana purchase with army officer William Clark. He learned much information about the landscapes, plants, animals, resouces, as well as Native Americans.
William Clark An army officer that led the Lewis and Clark Expedition with Meriwether Lewis. Together discovered a waterway from the US to the Pacific ocean.
Corps of Discovery Another name for the 'Lewis and Clark Expedition' in which Meriwether Lewis and William Clark took who were the first to make a transcontinental expedition to the pacific ocean to explore the land of the Louisiana Purchase.
Sacajawea A Shoshone woman who served Lewis and Clark as a guide and translater. She influenced their direction of travel.
Continental Divide "The natural boundary line that divides the flow of water between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans." It is, roughly, a natural border line between Canada and US, but it distinguishes whether water flows into the Pacific or Atlantic ocean.
Zebulon Pike An American officer and explorer who led the 'Pike Expedition' to document discoveries he made in the southern part of the Louisiana Purchase. His expedition helped outline the Louisiana Territory’s western border with New Spain.
Aaron Burr Remembered for shooting Alexander Hamilton. He was an ambitious vice president that impacted the way vice presidents should be chosen. His legacy contributed to the twelfth amendment saying president and vice presidential votes must be cast separately.
General James Wilkinson American army officer as well as double agent. He betrayed Burr by revealing Wilkinson's plot of creating an independent nation in the center of north america and parts of Mexico to Jefferson and then denied all involvement in the conspiracy.
Judiciary Act of 1801 An act passed by the Federalists that reduced the size of the supreme court, increased the number of district court judges as well as created new circut courts.It allowed Pres.John Adams to nominate members of his own Fed party to be judges.
William Marbury One of the Midnight Judges that were allowed from the Judiciary Act of 1801. He was supposed to be Justice of Peace but Jefferson's secretary of state, James Madison, refused to sign his approval of his commision.
Marbury v. Madison A Supreme Court landmark case that formed the basis for the power of the court to review statutes or a treaty's constitutionality. This landmark decision helped define the boundary between the separate executive and judicial branches of the govt.
Chief Justice Marshall He was fourth chief justice of the US as well as the principle founder of the system of constitutional law. He was responsible for defending and creating the foundation of judicial pwer as well as the principles of american federalism.
Judicial Review Supreme court's power to decide whether or not a law passed by legislature is constitutional or not. This makes so that all laws deemed unconstitutional are void until the constitution is amended to deem them constitutional.
Justice Samuel Chase He was Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court as well as Maryland Rep. His trial set ruling that impeachment was not a way for politicians to get rid of their political rivals in America.
Barbary Wars A series of mostly naval conflicts between US and North Africa's Barbary States. It was the first war declared on the US since their independence from Britain.
Impressment The act of persuading someone into govt service/the forcible enlistment of sailors.Impressment became a significant area of contention between the US and Great Britain and also a rallying cry for war against the British.
Chesapeake-Leopard Affair "The seizure and searching of the USS Chesapeake in 1807 by the HMS Leopard, whose commander suspected that British deserters might be aboard. This incident was an inciting factor of the War of 1812."
Embargo Act of 1807 This act banned trade between U.S. ports and foreign nations. It, along with the non-intercourse act contributed to the war of 1812.
Non-Intercourse Act This Act lifted all embargoes on American shipping except for those bound for British or French ports. It proved to be ineffective and helped bring the War of 1812. It also seriously damaged the economy of the United States.
Election of 1808 In this election, candidate James Madison defeated candidate Charles Cotesworth Pinckney. This election was one of the first elections in which a new President would be selected but the Vice President would stay the same.
“Orders in Council” The Orders in Council were a series of decrees made by the United Kingdom to institute its policy of commercial warfare. The Orders were important for shaping the British war effort and sometimes causing military conflict with France.
“Milan Decree” This decree was issued on December 17, 1807 by Napoleon I of France to enforce the Berlin Decree of 1806. The decree authorized French vessels to capture neutral ships from British ports.
Macon's Bill No. 2 This bill was a revision of Macon's Bill No.1. that motivated Britain and France to stop seizing American vessels during the Napoleonic Wars. This bill was important because it lifted all embargoes with Britain and France.
Tecumseh Tecumseh was a Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy. He tried to establish a independent Indian nation and recruit tribes for his confederacy. He also allied with British forces in the war for Canada.
“The Prophet” Lalawethika, later know as "the prophet," was Tecumseh's little brother. He became a religious leader and revived the ancestral lifestyle of many Indians and the rejection of the colonists and Americans.
William Henry Harrison He was the ninth President of the United States and also a military officer. He lead American forces to victory against American Indians at the Battle of Tippecanoe. He also won the Battle of Thames during the War of 1812.
Battle of Tippecanoe A battle between the United States led by William Henry Harrison and the American Indians led by Tecumseh. The American force was ambushed by the Indians but eventually won. This battle only increased the violence and the tensions between peoples.
War of 1812 This war was fought between the American and British forces because of trade restrictions and British interference with the Indians.
Henry Clay He was a lawyer, politician, and skilled orator that represented Kentucky in both the Senate and House of Representatives. He supported the War of 1812 but also played a role in ending the war.
War Hawks A group of Democratic-Republicans that were primarily from southern and western states. The War Hawks advocated going to war against Britain for the interference of the Royal Navy in American shipping, which the they believed hurt the American economy
Captain Oliver Hazard Perry He was a captain for the United States Navy. He served in the War of 1812 leading the American naval force to victory in the Battle of Lake Erie.
Burning of Washington On August 24, 1814, a British force led by Major General Robert Ross occupied Washington D.C. and set fire to many important public buildings. The public believed that it was the US's fault for starting the War.
Fort McHenry A fort in Baltimore, Maryland that defended Baltimore Harbor from an attack by the British Navy. During this attack, Francis Scott Key became inspired to write "The Star-Spangled Banner."
Francis Scott Key He was an American lawyer, author ,and amateur poet, from Georgetown. He wrote the lyrics to the United States' national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner".
"The Star Spangled Banner" "The Star Spangled Banner" is the national anthem of the United States of America. The lyrics come from a poem written by Francis Scott Key after witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry.
General Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson was the seventh President of the United States. He defeated the Creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend and the British at the Battle of New Orleans. He also dismantled the Second Bank of the United States.
Battle of New Orleans The Battle of New Orleans was the final major battle in the War of 1812. American forces led by Andrew Jackson defeated the invading British Army intent on seizing New Orleans.
Hartford Convention The Hartford Convention was an event in 1814–1815 in which New England Federalists met to discuss their grievances concerning the ongoing War of 1812 and the political problems occuring from the federal government's increasing power.
Treaty of Ghent The Treaty of Ghent was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. It restored all lost territory to their respected owner.
Created by: apushstudy