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AP Human Vocab II

Amber Blanton

QuestionAnswer
Age Distribution (Population pyramid) is two back-to-back bar graphs, one showing the number of males and one showing females in a particular population in five-year age groups
Carry capacity This is the population level that can be supported, given the quantity of food, habitat, water and other life infrastructure present. This is important because it tells how many people an area will be able to support.
Cohort Population of various age categories in an age-sex population pyramids. This is important because this can tell what state this country it is whether in Stage 3 or Stage 5 in the demographic transition model
Demographic equation The formula that calculates population change. The formula finds the increase (or decrease) in a population. The formula is found by doing births minus deaths plus (or minus) net migration.
Demographic momentum the tendency for growing population to continue growing after a fertility decline because of their young age distribution. This is important because once this happens a country moves to a different stage in the demographic transition model.
Demographic regions Cape Verde is in Stage 2 (High Growth), Chile is in Stage 3 (Moderate Growth), and Denmark is in Stage 4 (Low Growth). This is important because it shows how different parts of the world are in different stages of the demographic transition.
Demographic Transition model Has 5 steps. Stage 1 is low growth, Stage 2 is High Growth, Stage 3 is Moderate Growth, and Stage 4 is Low Growth and Stage 5 although not officially a stage is a possible stage that includes zero or negative population group.
Dependency ratio The number of people who are too you or too old to work compared to the number of people in their productive years.
Diffusion of fertility control The diffusion of fertility control is spread throughout the world.
Disease diffusion There are two types, contagious and hierarchical. Hierarchical is along high density areas that spread from urban to rural areas. Contagious is spread through the density of people.
Doubling time The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase. This is important because it can help project the countries population increase over the years and when its population will double.
Ecumene The proportion of earths surface occupied by permanent human settlement. This is important because its tells how much of the land has been built upon and how much land is left for us to build on.
Epidemiological transition model This is a distinctive cause of death in each stage of the demographic transition. This is important because it can explain how a countries population changes so dramatically and more.
Gendered space When genders are placed in seperate spaces.
Infant mortality rate (IMR) The annual number of deaths of infants under one year of age, compared with total live births. Its is expressed as the annual number of deaths among infants among infants per 1000 births rather than a percentage.
J curve
Maladaption This is an adaptation that has become less helpful than harmful.
Malthus, Thomas Was one of the first to argue that the worlds rate of population increase was far outrunning the development of food population.
Mortality There are two useful ways to measure mortality; infant mortality rate and life expectancy. The IMR reflect a country’s health care system and life expectancy measures the average number of years a baby can expect to live.
Natality (Crude Birth Rate) This is the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; it is expressed as number of birth in year to every 1000 people alive in the society.
Neo malthusian
Overpopulation relationship between the number of people on Earth, and the availability of resources
Population densities the frequency with which something occurs in space is density
Arithmetic density total number of objects in an area
Physiological density number of persons per unit of area suitable for agriculture
Agricultural density the number of farmers per unit of area of farmland
Population distributions the arrangement of a feature in space is distribution. Geographers identify the three main properties as density, concentration, and pattern
Population explosion a sudden increase or burst in the population in either a certain geographical area or worldwide
Population projection predicts the future population of an area or the world
Population pyramid population displayed by age and gender on a bar graph
Rate of natural increase the percentage by which a population grows in a year
S curve traces the cyclical movement upwards and downwards in a graph. So named for its shape as the letter "s"
Sex ratio the number of males per hundred females in the population
Standard of living refers to the quality and quantity of goods and services available to people and the way they are distributed within a population
Sustainability providing the best outcomes for human and natural environments both in the present and for the future
Underpopulation it is the opposition to overpopulation and refers to a sharp drop or decrease in a region’s population
Zero population growth when the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate and the natural increase rate approaches zero
Activity space space allotted for a certain industry or activity
Chain migration when one family member migrates to a new country and the rest of the family follows shortly after
Cyclic movement trends in migration and other processes that have a clear cycle
Distance Decay When contact between two groups diminishes because of the distance between them
Forced Migration People removed from there countries and forced to live in other countries because of war, natural disaster, and government
Gravity Model Predicts that the optimal location of a service is directly related to the number of people in the area and inversely related to the distance people must travel to access it.
Internal Migration Permanent movement within a particular country
Intervening Opportunity An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that helps migration
Migration Patterns Patterns of migration ex.
Intercontinental Permanent movement from one country to a different country on the same continent.
Interregional Permanent movement from one region of the country to another
Rural to Urban Permanent movement from suburbs and rural area to the urban city area
Migratory Movement Migration
Periodic Movement Movement during certain time frames
Personal Space space that is personal
Place Utility Utlilties of a place
Push and Pull Factors Factors that induce people to leave old residence and move to new locations.
Refugee People forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in social group, or political opinion
Space Time Prism A space time prism is the set of all points that can be reached by an individual given a maximum speed from a starting point in space time and an ending point.
Step Migration When someone takes a long goal in mind and achieves it in small steps.
Transhumance Seasonal migration of live stock between mountains and lowland pasture areas.
Transmigration To migrate from one place to another.
Voluntary Something doen with the decision maker's consent. Ex: Voluntary migration is migration that is not done forcibly but with free will.
Created by: Shivuvu