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Mrs. Crum-Rensel's Hunter-Gatherers and Early Farmers

What is a Band? group of related families brought together for a common purpose
What is migration? movement from one place to the next
Who many people made up a band? 20
What did ancient people get from animals? food, bones, hides
Did hunter/gatherers live in permanent settlements? No, they moved around following the food
What are some foods they gathered? wild fruits, nuts, roots, seeds
What are examples of animals they hunted? fish, turtles, birds, small rodents, oxen, woolly rhinoceroses, elephant-llike mammoths, reindeer, bison
What did they use for hunting? spears and knives
What are 2 ways they hunted animals? chased them over cliffs wrapped self in animal hide and snuck up on them
What was the Ice Age? long cold-weather period when huge sheets of ice covered 1/3 of the Earth
What is a tundra? large, treeless plain in Arctic region
What is culture? a way of life (example - "what we DO here at SVMS")
What is society? an organized group of people living and working with rules and traditions (example - SVMS is our learning society)
What is division of labor? different members of a group have different jobs (you do what you are good at!)
What is a role? part played by a person to help society (example - Ms. Schultz's ROLE is to help all kids in a different way than the regular teacher.)
What good things did language do for society? It let them share feelings, needs, customs, and knowledge
People changed from _______ and ________ to being ___________. hunters and gatherers to early farmers
What is domesticate? tame living things for people's use
What is economy? the way people get resources to meet their needs
What is livestock? domesticated animals, such as cattle, sheep, and pigs
What are nomads? people who move from palce to place with their herds of animals
People began to grow food in ____________ (hint: some people have in their back yards) gardens
Once people started to grow their own food, they built small _________________. Villages
What animal did they tame and use for hunting? dogs
What is agriculture? raising of domesticated plants and animals
What is environment? surroundings
How did food production change when better tools were invented? More food produced; it was easier to produce
What is an advantage of agriculture? reliable food source (they didn't have to go look for food every day)
What is a DISadvantage of agriculture? -crops had to be raised to feed animals -starvation and disease when drought or insects killed crops or livestock -wars over farmland -harm environment
What is maize? corn
What is subsist? survive (subsistance farmers - grew enough to survive but not a lot extra)
Created by: tracyschultz