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Mrs. Crum-Rensel's Hunter-Gatherers and Early Farmers
|What is a Band?
|group of related families brought together for a common purpose
|What is migration?
|movement from one place to the next
|Who many people made up a band?
|What did ancient people get from animals?
|food, bones, hides
|Did hunter/gatherers live in permanent settlements?
|No, they moved around following the food
|What are some foods they gathered?
|wild fruits, nuts, roots, seeds
|What are examples of animals they hunted?
|fish, turtles, birds, small rodents, oxen, woolly rhinoceroses, elephant-llike mammoths, reindeer, bison
|What did they use for hunting?
|spears and knives
|What are 2 ways they hunted animals?
|chased them over cliffs wrapped self in animal hide and snuck up on them
|What was the Ice Age?
|long cold-weather period when huge sheets of ice covered 1/3 of the Earth
|What is a tundra?
|large, treeless plain in Arctic region
|What is culture?
|a way of life (example - "what we DO here at SVMS")
|What is society?
|an organized group of people living and working with rules and traditions (example - SVMS is our learning society)
|What is division of labor?
|different members of a group have different jobs (you do what you are good at!)
|What is a role?
|part played by a person to help society (example - Ms. Schultz's ROLE is to help all kids in a different way than the regular teacher.)
|What good things did language do for society?
|It let them share feelings, needs, customs, and knowledge
|People changed from _______ and ________ to being ___________.
|hunters and gatherers to early farmers
|What is domesticate?
|tame living things for people's use
|What is economy?
|the way people get resources to meet their needs
|What is livestock?
|domesticated animals, such as cattle, sheep, and pigs
|What are nomads?
|people who move from palce to place with their herds of animals
|People began to grow food in ____________ (hint: some people have in their back yards)
|Once people started to grow their own food, they built small _________________.
|What animal did they tame and use for hunting?
|What is agriculture?
|raising of domesticated plants and animals
|What is environment?
|How did food production change when better tools were invented?
|More food produced; it was easier to produce
|What is an advantage of agriculture?
|reliable food source (they didn't have to go look for food every day)
|What is a DISadvantage of agriculture?
|-crops had to be raised to feed animals -starvation and disease when drought or insects killed crops or livestock -wars over farmland -harm environment
|What is maize?
|What is subsist?
|survive (subsistance farmers - grew enough to survive but not a lot extra)