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Benchmark 1 Review F

Review for first social studies benchmark

What was the first NC region settled by colonists? Piedmont
What makes a secondary source different from a primary source? Secondary sources are accounts of history and are written after the event.
What are the 3 US regions on the East Coast? New England, Middle or Mid-Atlantic, South or Southeast
Which US region do you live in? South or Southeast
What type of government is ruled by a King or Queen? Monarchy
Name a reason why Europeans began exploring. Looking for faster trade route to Asia, “Gold, God, and Glory!”
What killed most Native Americans? Diseases
What is an indentured servant? Someone who signed up for free passages to the new world in exchange for labor without pay for a certain number of years.
What is a slave? Someone who is considered owned and forced to work for their entire life.
What did slaves and indentured servants have in common? They worked without pay and they were the work force of the new world
How did the geography of NC’s coast contribute to pirates living in NC? The inlets of the Outer Banks provided good hiding places for their ships
Why was Roanoke Island deemed unsuitable for future settlement? Lack of deepwater ports
What was the Middle Passage? A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies.
Which parts of the world participated in Triangular Trade route and the Columbian Exchange? Western Europe, West Africa, and the Americas
What was the Northwest Passage? A nonexistent path through North America that early explorers searched for that would allow ships to sail from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
What does mercantilism involve? Trading
What was the first successful English colony in the Americas? Jamestown
Who was the leader that helped Jamestown succeed? John Smith
What type of economy did the Southern colonies have? Agricultural
What type of economy did New England have? Industrial
What type of jobs did New Englanders have? Fisherman, Merchants ,Shipbuilding, and Skilled craftsmen
Why did the Pilgrims and Puritans leave England? Religious persecution
Who were the Lord’s Proprietors? Group of nobles that governed the Southern Colonies
What religious group settled Pennsylvania? Quakers
What religious sect(group) believed in ending slavery? Quakers
How did the Great Awakening and the Enlightenment influence colonial society? Led to colonists striving for political equality
What law made restricting the religious rights of Christians a crime and was the first law guaranteeing religious freedom to be passed in America? Maryland Toleration Act of 1649
What was the first document that set up a democratic government in the Americas? The Mayflower Compact, written by the Pilgrims.
What was the rebellion against American Indians and the colonial government in Virginia? Bacon’s Rebellion
What caused the Colonists to be taxed by parliament? French and Indian War
What was a key reason that some American colonists opposed the authority of British Parliament? The colonists resented being taxed without having proper representation in England and adopted the slogan “no taxation without representation”.
What acts were passed because of the Boston Tea Party? Intolerable Acts
What was the goal of parliament when they passed the Intolerable Acts? To punish Boston
Why did parliament repeal the Stamp Act? Strong opposition to the Act arose in many colonial ports
Who was the leader of the Edenton Tea Party? Penelope Barker
What document adopted by the Continental Congress asserted that the 13 colonies no longer belonged to British? Declaration of Independence
What two documents broke ties with the British? Halifax Resolves and Declaration of Independence
Why did the British change their strategy during the Revolutionary War from fighting in New England to fighting in the South? The British decided to free the slaves and have them join their army, making the army bigger, and the large loyalist population in the South
Why did the British march on Lexington and Concord? To seize weapons stored in Concord
What type of warfare did the Continental Army use successfully against the British? Guerilla
What battle was the turning point of the Revolutionary War? Saratoga
What battle caused the French to aid the colonists in the revolutionary war? Saratoga
What was the last battle of the Revolutionary War? Yorktown
What battle officially ended the Revolutionary War? Yorktown
What motive most likely caused France to get involved in the Revolutionary War? French leaders wanted to get even with for losing the French and Indian War to Britain.