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Chapter 18

The Monarchs of Europe

QuestionAnswer
a ruler whose power was not limited by having to consult witih the nobles, common people or their representatives. Absolute monarch
the belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God Divine right
King of Spain; Holy Roman Emperor from 1519 to 1558; his opposition to the Protestant Reformation embroiled Spain in a series of wars throughout his reign. Charles V
An agreement between states in the Holy Roman Empire that gave each German prince the right to decide whether his state would be Catholic or Protestant. Peace Of Augusburg
King of Spain (1556-1598),Naples from (554-1598), and Portugal (1580-1598); he led Roman Catholic efforts to recover parts of Europe from Protestantism. He was defeated by England and the Netherlands. Philip II
a ruler whose power was not limited by having to consult witih the nobles, common people or their representatives. Absolute monarch
the belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God Divine right
King of Spain; Holy Roman Emperor from 1519 to 1558; his opposition to the Protestant Reformation embroiled Spain in a series of wars throughout his reign. Charles V
An agreement between states in the Holy Roman Empire that gave each German prince the right to decide whether his state would be Catholic or Protestant. Peace Of Augusburg
King of Spain (1556-1598),Naples from (554-1598), and Portugal (1580-1598); he led Roman Catholic efforts to recover parts of Europe from Protestantism. He was defeated by England and the Netherlands. Philip II
a ruler whose power was not limited by having to consult witih the nobles, common people or their representatives. Absolute monarch
the belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God Divine right
King of Spain; Holy Roman Emperor from 1519 to 1558; his opposition to the Protestant Reformation embroiled Spain in a series of wars throughout his reign. Charles V
An agreement between states in the Holy Roman Empire that gave each German prince the right to decide whether his state would be Catholic or Protestant. Peace Of Augusburg
King of Spain (1556-1598),Naples from (554-1598), and Portugal (1580-1598); he led Roman Catholic efforts to recover parts of Europe from Protestantism. He was defeated by England and the Netherlands. Philip II
Huguenot
Greek painter in Spain; Chiefly religious in nature, his works express the spirit of the Counter, or Catholic, Reformation. El Greco
Greek painter in Spain; Chiefly religious in nature, his works express the spirit of the Counter, or Catholic, Reformation. Diego Velazques
Miguel de Cervantes
Sister Juana Ines de la Cruz
Spanish Armada
Huguenot
Sait Bartholomew's Day
Massacre
Henry IV
Edict of Nates
a ruler whose power was not limited by having to consult witih the nobles, common people or their representatives. Absolute monarch
the belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God Divine right
King of Spain; Holy Roman Emperor from 1519 to 1558; his opposition to the Protestant Reformation embroiled Spain in a series of wars throughout his reign. Charles V
An agreement between states in the Holy Roman Empire that gave each German prince the right to decide whether his state would be Catholic or Protestant. Peace Of Augusburg
King of Spain (1556-1598),Naples from (554-1598), and Portugal (1580-1598); he led Roman Catholic efforts to recover parts of Europe from Protestantism. He was defeated by England and the Netherlands. Philip II
Greek painter in Spain; Chiefly religious in nature, his works express the spirit of the Counter, or Catholic, Reformation. El Greco
Spanish painter who was the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV. He was an individualistic artist of the contemporary Baroque period, important as a portrait artist. Diego Velazques
Was the Greatest Spanish Writer. His MOst famous work was the Don Quixote de la Mancha. Miguel de Cervantes
A Mexican nun who wrote poetry, prose, and plays. Church officials criticized Sister Juana for some of her ideas, for example, her belief that women had a right to education. Sister Juana Ines de la Cruz
A great fleet (130 ships and 20,000 men) assembled by Spain in 1558 for an invasion of England. Spanish Armada
A French Protestant. Huguenot
August 24, 1572; a massacre of 6,000 to 8,000 Huguenots in Paris authorized by King Charles IX and his mother Catherine de Medici. Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre
King of France from 1589 to 1610; he issued the Edict of Nates (1598), which permitted Protestant worship, in order to restore peace to France. Henry IV
A declaration of French King Henry IV in which he promised that Protestants could live peacefully in France and were free to establish houses of worship in selected French cities. Edict of Nantes
King of France from 1610 to 1643; a relatively weak ruler; he let Cardinal Richelieu, his chief minister; hold great sway during his reign. Louis XIII
Cardinal Richelieu
Louis XIV
War of the Spanish Succession
Treaty of Utrecht
Puritans
Charles I
Royalists
Oliver Cromwell
Commonwealth
Restoration
Restoration
Charles II
William and Mary
William and Mary
Glorious Revolution
Glorious Revolution
Glorious Revolution
Constitutional monarchy
Boyars
Boyars
Czar
Czar
Ivan IV
Ivan IV
Peter the Great
westernization
westernization
westernization
Treaty of Westphalia
Catherine the Great
Thirty Year's War
Treaty of Westphalia
Maria Theresa
Frederick the Great
a ruler whose power was not limited by having to consult witih the nobles, common people or their representatives. Absolute monarch
the belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God Divine right
King of Spain; Holy Roman Emperor from 1519 to 1558; his opposition to the Protestant Reformation embroiled Spain in a series of wars throughout his reign. Charles V
An agreement between states in the Holy Roman Empire that gave each German prince the right to decide whether his state would be Catholic or Protestant. Peace Of Augusburg
King of Spain (1556-1598),Naples from (554-1598), and Portugal (1580-1598); he led Roman Catholic efforts to recover parts of Europe from Protestantism. He was defeated by England and the Netherlands. Philip II
Greek painter in Spain; Chiefly religious in nature, his works express the spirit of the Counter, or Catholic, Reformation. El Greco
Spanish painter who was the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV. He was an individualistic artist of the contemporary Baroque period, important as a portrait artist. Diego Velazques
Miguel de Cervantes
Sister Juana Ines de la Cruz
Spanish Armada
Huguenot
Sait Bartholomew's Day
Massacre
Henry IV
Edict of Nates
Louis XIII
Cardinal Richelieu
Louis XIV
War of the Spanish Succession
Treaty of Utrecht
Puritans
Charles I
Royalists
Oliver Cromwell
Commonwealth
Restoration
Charles II
William and Mary
Glorious Revolution
Constitutional monarchy
Boyars
Czar
Ivan IV
Peter the Great
westernization
Catherine the Great
Thirty Year's War
Treaty of Westphalia
Maria Theresa
Frederick the Great
Created by: ilcenaguilar