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History Chp. 4

QuestionAnswer
Dharma The moral duties of an individual that they must cultivate in life
Karma All the actions taken in a persons life
Samsara The cycle of reincarnation
Siddartha Gautama Born into high caste; parents kept him sheltered; saw suffering; set out to find enlightenment; sat under bodhi tree and was enlightened; Buddha- Enlightened One;
Moksha Union with Brahman
Sati Virtuous women who threw themselves into fire on husbands funeral pyre
Four noble truths 1. All life is suffering, sorrow and pain. 2. The cause of suffering is desire of things which are illusions 3. The only way to cure suffering is to overcome desire. 4. The way to overcome desire is to follow the Eightfold Path
Mahayana Buddhism for ordinary people; worship Buddha as god
Laozi Creator of Daoism; "Old Master"; wrote "The Way of Virtue"
Filial piety Respect for parents
Hanfeizi Creator of Legalism; very different philosophy
Joint family When parents children, grandchildren, uncles and other offspring live together in a common dwelling
Shakti A creative energy that only women supposedly possessed; completed husband
The Analects Collected sayings of Confucious
Nirvana Union with the universe
Hinduism -sacred texts: Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad-Gita (Mahabarata) - many gods (Shiva, Vishnu, brahma) - karma, dharma, moksha, samsara - ahimsa : nonviolence
Buddhism - Siddartha Guatama - Four Noble Truths - Eightfold Path: right views, right aspirations, right speech, righ conduct, right livelihood, right effort, right mindedness, right contemplation
Caste system -many castes - revolves life - different caste=different species - order/stability
Confucianism - 5 relationships: father to son, elder brother to younger brother, husband to wife, ruler to people, friend to friend - ruler good/ kind to people, people kind and respectful back to him - filial piety
Daoism -one with nature - no government - Laozi -"Those who know Daoism do not speak of it. Those who speak of it do not know it."
Legalism -Hanfeizi - "nature of man is evil" - strict laws and harsh punishments= archive order - ruler +power
Indian village life - joint family - sati/ shalt I -caste system - because of caste system, stable, well- oiled machine
Philosophy System of ideas
Religion Beleif/ worship of God/ gods
Created by: ninjabunny0