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History Study Guide

History Alive Chapter 4 Study Guide

What does the word Mesopotamia mean? land between the rivers
Name the two rivers that ran through Mesopotamia. Tigris Euphrates
How did the Sumerians protect their city-states from attack? They built walls and moats around their cities for protection.
What caused people in Mesopotamia to move south ? The population increased and there wasn't enough food.
Why was it more difficult to live in Sumer than it was in the foothills of the Zagros mountains? Sumer didn't have natural barriers to keep out enemies. It was hot and dry most of the year which wasn't good for farming. Also, the rivers flooded in the spring.
What did Sumerians use to control the water? levees, canals, and dams
What happened when people from many villages used Sumerian irrigation systems? They had to work together to take care of the irrigation system. This caused them to live in larger communities.
Why were Sumerian settlements called city-states? Each settlement had their own ruler, laws,and farmland
Why did Sumerians begin living in larger communities? They had to work together to maintain the irrigation system which led to larger communities.
Created by: ztjohn