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Key terms

QuestionAnswer
attentive public those who follow politics and public affairs carefully
Australian ballot secret ballot printed at the expense of the state
Blanket primary election to choose candidates that is opened to independents, and that allows voters to choose candidates from all the parties
caucus local party meeting
Closed primary party election to choose candidates that is closed to independents. Voters may not cross party lines.
Coattail effect the influence of a popular presidential candidate on the election of congressional candidates of the same party
demographics characteristics of populations
direct election election of an official directly by the people rather than by an intermediary group such as the Electoral College
Direct primary election in which the people choose candidates for office
Fixed terms terms of office that have a definite length of time
front loading scheduling presidential primary elections early
gender gap difference in voting patterns for men and women, particularly in the greater tendency of the latter to vote for Democratic presidential candidates.
general election election in which the officeholders are chosen. Contrast with a primary election, in which only the candidates are chosen
hard money campaign contributions donated directly to candidates
incumbent an officeholder who is seeking reelection
independent one is not registered with a political party
independent leaners tend to vote for candidates of one particular party
pure independents have no consistent pattern of party voting
issue advocacy ads ads that focus on issues and do not explicitly encourage citizens to vote for a certain candidate
open primary election to choose candidates that is open to independents,and in which voters may choose candidates from any one party
party identification a sense of affiliation that a person has with a particular political party
party platform a list of positions and programs that the party adopts at the national convention
political culture the widely shared beliefs, values, and norms that citizens share about their government
plurality more votes than anyone else, but less than half
political efficacy capacity to understand and influence political events
political socialization process in which one acquires his/her political beliefs
realigning election an election in which there is a long term change in party alignment
safe seat an office that is extremely likely to be won a particular candidate or political party
single member district system system in which the people elect one representative per district. with a winner-take-all-rule, this system strengthens the two major parties and weakens minor parties
soft money campaign contributions that are not donated directly to candidates but the party
solid south historically, the south voted solidly democratic. however, the south is now strongly Republican.
Split ticket voting casting votes for candidates of one's own party and for candidates of opposing parties
straight ticket voting casting votes only for candidates of one's party
suffrage the right to vote
superdelegate a delegate to the Democratic national convention who is there by virtue of holding an office
Super Tuesday a Tuesday in early March in which many presidential primaries, particularly in the South, are held
Swing state a state that does not consistently vote either Democratic or Republican in presidential elections
Created by: 100000190892780