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Interior Design #2

Elements and Principles

What are the elements of design? The Elements of Design are: Space, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, & Color.
What are the principles of design? The Principles of Design are: Balance, Rhythm, Proportion/Scale, Emphasis, Unity
What is the principle repetition? The Principle repetition is when a design is copied or repeated.
How does texture affect color? Texture affects color because smooth surfaces reflect more light than rough surfaces (making them brighter and lighter) and rough surfaces absorb more light(making them look darker and less intense).
What do curved lines suggest? Curved lines add a soft, graceful effect to designs. Too many will make a design busy. Examples: Doorway arches, ruffled curtains, curved furniture.
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? Horizontal balance is when left and right parts are equal. Vertical balance is when top and bottom parts are equal. Radial balance is when elements radiate out from a design.
What do diagonal lines suggest? Diagonal lines suggest action, movement, and excitement. They are overpowering and tiring (use in small amounts). Examples: Staircases, cathedral ceilings, and gable roofs
What is space? Space is The area provided for a particular purpose. Can have 2 dimensions (Floor). Can have 3 dimensions (Room or Dwelling).
What are the four types of rhythm? The four types of rhythm are: Gradation, Radiation, Repetition, & Continuous Line.
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? Asymmetrical balance are parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight. Example: Two picture frames the same weight but with different pictures inside.
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Horizontal lines lead the eye from left to right, & suggests informality and restfulness. (Sofas and Chests, Room appears wider and shorter). Vertical lines lead the eye up, adding more height, formality, and strength. (Tall pillars). Room appears taller.
What is the golden mean? The golden mean is a 3 to 5 ratio when dealing with proportion.
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape is a flat or silhouette image with two dimensions, length & width. Form is the outline edges of a three dimensional object. Form consists of three dimensions, Length, width, and depth (height) as well as mass & volume.
What are the five types of balance? The five types of balance are: Asymmetrical, vertical, horizontal, Radial, & symmetrical.
What does unity or harmony mean? Unity/Harmony means when all elements and principles of design work together to create harmony.
What are the two things texture involves? Texture involves how the surface feels to the touch and how it appears to feel.
What are the four types of line? The four types of line are: Vertical, Horizontal, Diagonal, & Curved.
What is proportion? Proportion means that each of the parts are the right size to belong to the whole.
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? Radial balance suggests excitement or interest.
What is symmetrical balance? Example? Symmetrical Balance is when both parts are identical. Examples: plants, insects or humans.
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? Emphasis is one item or object that stands out and is the focal point in a design.
What happens when you use a continuous line? When you use a continuous line the design creates a continuous line for the eye to follow.
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Another name for symmetrical balance is identical.
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Another name for asymmetrical balance is non identical.
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Gradation is when designs increase or decrease in size, and when one element of design changes. Radiation is when lines or designs move out from the center point.
Created by: amarciano05