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Design I. Ferguson

Elements and Principles

QuestionAnswer
What are the elements of design? Space, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, Color
What are the principles of design? Balance, Rhythm, Proportion/Scale, Emphasis, Unity
What is the principle repetition? Design is copied or repeated
How does texture affect color? Smooth surfaces reflect more light than rough surfaces, rough absorb more light. (Smooth surfaces make the color lighter, rough make them darker)
What do curved lines suggest? Soft, graceful effect
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? Horizontal - left and right parts are equal Vertical - Rop and bottom parts are equal Radial - elements radiate out from the design
What do diagonal lines suggest? Action, Movement, and Excitement
What is space? The area provided for a particular purpose
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation, Radiation, Repetition, Continuous Line
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? Parts of the design are not identical, but are equal in visual weight. Ex. One pineapple vs. 3 oranges.
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Horizontal lines lead the eye from left to right. Vertical lines lead the eye from top to bottom.
What is the golden mean? 3 to 5 ratio.
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape - 2 dimensions Form - 3 dimensions
What are the five types of balance? Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Vertical, Horizontal, Radial
What does unity or harmony mean? All elements and principles of design work together to create harmony
What are the two things texture involves? How a surface feels, and how it appears to feel
What are the four types of line? Horizontal, Vertical, Diagonal, Curved.
What is proportion? How the design is visually divided
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? Diagonal Lines do, I don't know of a balance that suggests excitement, only lines that do.
What is symmetrical balance? Example? Both parts are identical. ex. humans
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? When one object stands out. a.k.a. Focal Point
What happens when you use a continuous line? It adds a soft, graceful effect to designs
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Formal Balance
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Informal Balance
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Gradation - designs that increase or decrease in size, or intensity of color, etc. Radiation - lines or designs moving out from the center point
Created by: 617811