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Difference between how much a country imports and how much it exports. Balance of Trade
Domination of one country by the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region. Imperialism
Mutual dependence of countries on goods, resources, and knowledge from other parts of the world. Interdependence
Policy by which a nation sought to export more than it imported in order to build its supply of gold and silver. Mercantilism
Someone sent on a religious mission. Missionary
Building a stable government while developing a country economically. Modernization
To divide. Partition
Applied the idea of survival of the fittest to war and economic competition; belief that some races were more “fit” than others. Social Darwinism
Situation in which a country imports more than it exports. Trade Deficit
Adoption of western ideas, technology, and culture. Westernization
European leaders met to set up rules for colonizing Africa. Berlin Conference
The idea that it is the responsibility of people of European descent to take care of people of other races due to their perceived superior culture, technology, government, etc.. White Man's Burden
Group formed by Hindu nationalist leaders of India in the late 1800’s to gain greater democracy and eventual self-rule. Indian National Congress
Group formed by the Muslims in India in the early 1900’s to protect Muslim interests. Muslim League
A mutiny fought by Indian soldiers against British rule in India in the mid 1800’s. Sepoy Rebellion
Indian soldier in an army set up by the French or English East India company. Sepoy
An uprising in 1900 in which a group known as the Boxers assaulted foreigners across China to drive out their un-Chinese ways. Boxer Rebellion
Narcotic originating from poppy seeds. Opium
Conflict between Britain and China in 1839 over the Opium trade. Opium Wars
Area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges. Sphere of Influence
Dutch farmers who settled in southern Africa. Also referred to as Afrikaners. Boers
Conflict from 1899-1902 between the British and Boers over the gold and diamond mines of southern Africa. Boer War
British imperialist who represented Great Britain in southern Africa. Made a fortune from the control of diamond mines. Cecil Rhodes
Right of foreigners to be protected by the laws of their own nation. Extraterritoriality
A treaty forced upon a country being dominated by another during Imperialism. Unequal Treaty
Created by: LHSGLOBAL2
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