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Soc Stud unit 1 test

gr 7 Archeology and Early Humans (Zaganjori/Peters)

anthropologist a scientist who studies human development and culture
archaeologist a scientist who studies the past by looking at objects people left behind
artifact an object made or used by people in the past
fertile crescent a region in southwest Asia with rich soil
historian an expert who studies the past to find out what happened and why
prehistoric happening before written history
fossil the remains of a prehistoric living thing
history the study of the past
A.D. anno domini = "In the year of our Lord" everything in time that happened AFTER the birth of Christ, same as C.E.
C.E. Common Era- same as A.D.
B.C.E. Before Common Era
era/age time period with special characteristics (examples: Ice Age, Shakespearean Era)
Millennium 1,000 years
Australopithecus afarenis the first hominid
Homo habilis "Handy Man" who was the first to use stone tools
Homo Erectus the first hominid to use fire
Homo sapiens neanderthalensis lived in communities, skilled toolmakers, had burial rituals
Homo sapiens sapiens modern day humans
Paleolithic Age time period when early humans wandered from place to place (nomads), hunted and gathered their food
Neolithic Age time period that began with farming and ended when people used materials other than stone
primary source Created AT THE TIME of the event (diaries, photos, news stories)
Secondary Source created after the event took place (textbooks, encyclopedias)
Catal Hoyuk a town during the Neolithic Age; people had specialized jobs such as spinners, weavers, basket makers, and tool makers
cave art focused more on the drawings of animals but not on people
development of farming caused people to settle in communities and have a stable food supply
cave art focused more on the drawings of animals but not on people
development of farming caused people to settle in communities and have a stable food supply
Created by: antoine305A
Popular History sets




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