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NWCC GA 1 Test 2 mas

NWCC GA 1 Test 2 mash

QuestionAnswer
Action of gluteus medius Abduction and Medial Rotation of the hip
action of gastrocnemius plantar flexion of the ankle and asst flex of knee
action of rectus femoris flexion of hip and extension of knee
action of plantaris knee flexion, plantarflex of ankle
action of semitendinosus across the KNEE joint knee flexion, medial rotation of tibia when knee is flexed
action of gracilis across the HIP joint Addiction of femur
two primary actions of gluteus minimus abduction of femur, medial rotation of femur
action of peroneus (fibularis) tertius eversion and dorsiflexion of FOOT
action of peroneus (fibularis) longus eversion of foot and plantarflexion of ankle
action of the pectineus flexion,adduction and medial rotation of femur
action of gluteus minimus abduction and medial rotation of hip
list individual names and actions "triceps surae" gastroc-knee flexion and plantarflex of ankle soleus-plantarflex of ankle
list 4 actions of the sartorius abduction of hip,flex of femur, lateral rot of hip and flex of knee
insertion of biceps femoris (specific) head of fibula and lateral condyle of tibia
FUNCTION OF the popliteus m unlock the knee
muscle which originates on the ischial tuberosity and inserts on the anterior proximal tibial shaft semitendinosus
m which insert on the iliotibial tract gluteus maximus and tensor faciae latae
lateral rotator of hip supplied by obturator n obturator externus
origin of superior gemellus m ischial spine
m which originates on the proximal ischial tuberosity and inserts on medial greater trochanter inferior gemellus
inNERVAtion of adductor longus obturator n
insertion of adductor magnus ant head-adductor tubercle post head-linea aspera
knee extensor and hip flexor innervated by the femoral n rectus femoris
origin of the vastus medialis m linea aspera and intertrochanteric line of femur
insertion of adductor brevis m linea aspera and pectineal line of femur
insertion of peroneus (fibularis) brevis base of 5th metatarsal
inNERVAtion of extensor hallucis longus deep peroneal n
muscle which originates from the m anterior surface of the sacrum and inserts into the upper part of greater trochanter piriformis
NERVE of the muscle that unlocks the knee joint tibial
invertor of the foot innervated by the tibial n tibialis posterior
hamstring inserting on posterior medial tibia semimembranosus
origin of gastroc (specific) lat head- lat epicondyle of femur medi head- med epicondyle of femur
origin of adductor longus anterior pubis
insertion of the iliopsoas lesser trochanter of femur
origin of the psoas major m L1-L 5 transverse process...T12-L5 body and intervertebral discs
insertion of pectineus pectineal line
iNNERVation of the sartorius m femoral n
most superficial and medial thigh adductor gracilis
m which origin from anterior distal fibula (with ext digi long) and inserts into the base of 5th metatarsal peroneus tertius
specifi muscle that is located on the dorsum of the foot and originates from the anterior calcaneus flexor hallucis brevis
origin of superior gemellus m ischial spine
deepest m at the posterior knee popliteus
common origin of hamstrings ischial tuber
abdominal m that rotates the trunk to the opposite side external oblique
origin of adductor longus anterior pubis
the strongerst hip flexor iliopsoas
inNERVAtion of adductor magnus m obturator n and sciatic n
m which lies immediately deep to adductor longus, it inserts on single bony landmark adductor brevis
origin on rectus femoris m aiis and anterior rim of acetabulum
dorsiflexor of the foot which inserts on the base of 1st metatarsal and 1st cuneiform tibialis anterior
originate on posterior fibula only and its tendon passes behind medial malleolus flexor hallucis longus
lateral rotatos of hip located immediately superior to the tendod of the obturator internus m super gemellus
origin of quadratus femoris ischial tuberosity
nerve/innvervation of pectineus femoral n
nerve of peroneus (fibu)longus supeficial fibular
specific m that is located on dorsum of foot and originates from anterior calcaneus extensor digitorum brevis
origin of sartorius m asis
m innvervated by inferior gluteal n gluteus maximus
n of tibialis anterior deep peroneal n
m immediately superior to the sciatic n piriformis
abdominal m that rotates trunk to same side internal oblique
origin of the extensor digi brevis anterior calcaneous
name the muscles who tendons pass behing the medial malleolus. list them from POSTERIOR TO ANTERIOR AS THE PASS AROUND THE malleous flexor hallucis longus,flexor digitorum longus.tibialis posterior
define the deep inguinal ring opening in transveralis fascia
SPECIFICALLY what forms important conjoined tendon? aponeurosis of transversus abdominus m and internal oblique m
portion of the sprmatic cord dervied from the internal oblique cremaster m
name CUTANEOUS branches of femoral n. not articular medial and intermediate cutaneous nerves and saphonous n
specific n from which SURAL arises tibial n
point of which common fibular n is vulerable to injury neck of fibula
assuming sciating nerve has been severed,would any cutaneous are below knee still have sensaton/ if so where and why yes, saphanous n which supplies cutaneous ares of medial leg,ankle,foot and the great toe.
obturator n carries fibers from these spianl segments L2-4
give two vessels which help to form the cruciate anastomosis medial and lateral circumflex
artery which directly gives rise to most of the dorsal metatarsal arteries arcuate artery
the small saphenous veing is a direct tributary to this vessel politeal vein
artery that gives rise to perforating artery of thigh profonda femoris artery
besides being external to epimysium and fused to it give two other charcter of deep fascia separates m into fnctional copartments, wraps around individual m so that they can move freely
specifically what forms the posterior wall of the inguinal canal tranversalis fascia
name the componnet to from which cremaster m is formed internal oblique muscle
nerve that traverses the adductor canal to provide cutaneous innervation to the medial side of leg,ankle,foot and great toe saphaneus
tibial n carries fiber from these segments L4-S3
ONLY sign that patient is shows involutary inversrion of foot. injury to n superficial peroneal
peroneal artery is branch of posterior tibial artery
name vessels that from cruciate anastomosis med and lat circumflex, inferior gluteal artery and 1st branch of perforating
originates from the arcuate artery dorsal metatarsal arteries
name give to CONNCETIVE TISSUE covering smalles unit of muscle to naked eye perimysium
specifally what from the ANTERIOR wall of inguinal canal aponeurosis of external oblique m
femoral n L2-4
what structure ANTERIORLY contributes to the rectus sheath above the level of the anterior superior iliac spine
give components which form the medial wall of the inguinal canal conjoined tendon and rectus sheath
define the structure of the deep inguinal ring represents a gap in the transversalis fascia
differentiate between the evential course of a direct and indirect inguinal hernia. BE DETAILED AND COMPLETE inderct hernia penetrates the deep inguinal canal and pushes its way all the way through the superficial inguinal canal. Direct hernia goes straight down going around the conjoined tendod and pushing its way through the superficial inguinal canal.
apart from muscular paralysis, injury to this specific nerve would present anaesthesia of the skin in the small area between the 1st and 2nd toes ONLY deep fibular n
the tibial nerve passes immediately deep to this muscle during most of its course in the leg soleus
the sciatic nerve DIRECTLY INNERVATES WHAT MUSCLE semitendinosis, semimembranosis, adductor magnus(posterior head) biceps femoris
the tibial nerve terminates at medial and lateral plantar nn
artery of which the medial femoral circumflex is a direct branch profunda femoris
artery which runs with the deep peroneal n anterior tibial artery
smallest fiber like unit of a muscle visible to naked eye fascicle
IN DETAIL, how does the great saphenous vein become a tributary to the deep veins? it arise from dorsal digitals, dorsal metatarsals and dorsal venous arch and travels medial up leg to saphenous hiatus which is a gap in fascia lata
considering that muscle volume remains constant , what can one say when COMPARING the range and strenght of contraction of an UNATTACHED they have an inverse relationship. range depends on lenght of fascicles and strenght on cross section area of fascicles
discuss what is meant by a functional reversal of origin and insertion origin refers to a fixed point of muscle that doesnt move. insertion of muscle moveable part. functional reversal is where the origin is moveable and insertion is fixed.
give the functional 3 letter CLASSIFICATION and name a proprioceptor muscle spindles GSA
classify (use 3 letter classification) efferents to the muscle of fascial expression and mastication.. Why are the calssified as such SVE They come from the brachial arches in an embryo
list the SPECIAL sensations vision, hearing + equilibrium, taste, smell
SPECIFIC components innervated by the autonomic nervous system smooth muscle, cardiac muscle and glands
name the intrinsic muscles that form the 3rd layer of the planter foot flexor hallucis brevis, adductor hallucis, flexor digit minimi brevis
name the medial rotators of the hip gluteus medius, gleteus minimus, tensor fasciae latae, adductor magnus(anterior head) pectineus
name the two important ligaments with attachments to the ischium and sacrum sacrotuberous ligament sacrospinous ligament
name the ligaments that run from the tibia to the lateral malleolus anterior tibiofibular ligament, posterior tibiofibular ligament
assume you are constructing a body and want the STRONGEST POSSIBLE muscular performance across a joint. What type of muscle would you use and how would you attach it multipennate and distal to the joint
list the basic MOTOR functions of the nervous system muscle contraction and gland secretion
are SPECIFIC TYPE receptors used for example as pain detectors in the skin. They are functionally calssified as GSA
define a nerve bundle of neuron fibers in the PNS
ACCORDING to lecture, name the anatomical structures placed in the peripheral nervous system( be precise) 31 pairs of vertbral nerves, 12 pairs of cranial nerves, autonomic nerves of ANS
name the intrinsic muscles of the foot that form the 1st layer abductor hallucis, abductor digit minimi, flexor digitorum brevis
name the dorsiflexors of the ankle tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis , fibularis tertius
a patients presents flattening of the medial longitudinal arch on the plantar surface of the foot. give specific ligamentous damage planter calcaneonavicular ligament
NAME AND CLASSIFY (use 3 letter classification) the specific type of viscera receptor which deals with pain caused by distention GVA interoreceptors
define a tract a group of neruon fibers in the CNS
are SPECIFIC type of receports used for smell and taste SVA
define a ganglion a group of neuron cells in PNS
a patient presents a sprained ankle caused by excessive eversion. Give specific ligamentous damage deltoid ligament
a ligament deep to the doral sacroiliac ligament, located in the deep groove between the sacrum and ilium interosseus sacroiliac ligament
name the EVERTORS of the foot fibularis longus, fibularis brevis, fibularis tertius
name the medial rotators of the knee sartorius, semitendinosus, semimembranosus,gracilis,popliteus-when foot is not fixed on groud
besides being external to the epimysium and somtimes fused to it, give two other characterstics of the dep fascia divides the muscles into functional compartments via intramuscular septa......surrounds individual muscles and allows them to freely move against each other
define irritability the responsivness of a stimulus
make a flow chart showing the SIMPLETS SEQUENCE of a function of the nervous system stimulus- (sensory neuron)-(motor neuron)-effector organ
a patient presents a sprained ankle caused by excessive eversion. name the specific ligamentous damage deltoid ligament
list the GENERAL sensations touch,temp,pain,pressure,proprioception
list special sensations vision, hearing and equiilibrium,taste(gustation)smell(olfaction)
are SPECIFIC TYPE receptors used for example as pain detectors in skin. they are functionally classified as
superficial vein which drains the lateral part of the foot and the posterior leg small saphenous vein
specific landmark where popliteal artery BEGINS ADDUCTOR HIATUS
beginning with the popliteal artery, make a flow chart showing the crouse a drop of blood would mainly take to reach the lateral compartment muscles of the leg popliteal-postrior tibail a-fibular a
branch of femoral a which parallels the inguinal ligament to supply skin in the area of the iliac crest superficial circumflex iliac artery
assuming the sciatic nerve has been severed, would any cutaneous areas below the knee still have sensation. if so specifically where and why yes, the skin of the medial leg, ankle,foot and the great toe. via femoral nerve -saphenous nerve
the deep peroneal nerve passes immediately anterior to this structure during most of its course interossei membrane
cutaneous branch of tibial nerve which supplies skin of posterior calf sural
the common peroneal(fibular) nerve carries fibers from these spinal segments L4L5 S1S2
the tibial nerve terminates at the medial and lateral nerve
muscles that form the 2nd layer of the plantar foot lumbricals and quadratus plantae
name the flexors of the knee biceps femoris,semitendinousus,semimembranosus,gracilis,gastroc,popliteus,plantaris and sartorius
a patients is flat footed due to flattening of the medial longitudinal arch, this would indicate what specific ligamentous damage plantar calcaneonavicular ligament
a patient presents a sprained ankle caused by excessive inversion anterior talofibular ligament
define superficial inguinal ring The opening in the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle
define perimysium ct which surrounds a group of muscle cells
name the lateral rotators of the hip piriformis, quadratus femoris, obturator internus, obturator externus, gemellus superior,gemellus inferior,
Created by: rbevanda