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U2, Roots of Gov.

QuestionAnswer
This is the idea borrowed from Rome that citizens choose a smaller group to represent them, make laws, and govern them. Republic
This is idea that people in society agree to give up part of their freedom to a gov. as long as that gov. protects their natural rights. Social Contract
This is a document that nobles made King John sign in 1215. It included equal treatment, trial by jury, and rule of law. Magna Carta
THis is the right all humans have- LIFE, LIBERTY, and the right to OWN PROPERTY. Natural Rights
This ruler is responsible for the FIRST WRITTEN code of laws. Code of Hammurabi
This is the ruler who organized Rman laws into an orderly code of laws. Justinian
This is the philosopher who believed in social contract & said that the people should overthrow a gov. that breaks that contract & does not protect their rights. John Locke
This idea borrowed from Magna Carta means that BOTH the GOV. and the people being GOVERNED must obey the laws. Rule of Law
This philosopher said that the best way to limit gov. is to separate & balance its power, such as the 3 branches we have today Montesquieu
When deciding a court case, a judge may look back at similar cases in the past. A decision made in an earlier case is called : Precedent
This is when power of the gov. is divided into different branches, each with different jobs. Separation of Powers
This is the system of law borrowed from England based on court decisions instead of written laws. Common law
Created by: Melissaxx33
 

 



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