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English Terms 7

English Terms 7th Grade

compare To describe how two or more things are similar
contrast To describe how two or more things are different.
context clues Using the words around a word to figure out its meaning.
theme The message or lesson about life the author wants us to learn.
setting Where and when the story takes place.
exposition The beginning of the story. We learn who the characters are, what the main setting is and what the major conflict will be.
rising action These events happen after the exposition. The plot builds to the most intense part of the story.
climax The most intense (sometimes action filled) part of the story.
falling action These are the events that happen after the climax of the story. Many aspects of the story begin to wrap up.
resolution The conclusion
plot The series of events in a story. Includes exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution.
Antonyms a word that means the opposite of another word
Author's purpose persuade the writer is trying to talk you into something. (advertisement
Author's purpose inform the writer is trying to give you new information or teach you something. (textbook
Author's purpose entertain the writer made up a story to entertain you. (some novels & short stories)
Chronological Order to put in the order of when the events took place.
Details important information that supports the main idea
Fiction a story that is false; not real.
Flashback interruption of a plot to go back in time and tell about something that has already happened.
Inferences Information that can not be found in the passage - you have to use your own knowledge and story clues to figure it out."read between the lines".
Main Idea what a passage
Synonyms Words that have similar or the same meanings.
Theme A message or lesson in a story - friendship or "don't judge a book by its cover"
Dialogue spoken conversations between two or more characters
First person point of view a character tells his or her own story - using words like I & me
Foreshadowing The author gives clues of what will happen in the future.
Third person limited point of view When the story is told by a narrator outside the story
Non-fiction a story that is real; true.
Third person omniscient point of view When the story is told by a narrator outside the story
Protagonist The main character - the good one that we are "rooting for".
Antagonist The character fighting against the hero. They can be destructive
Flat Character a character that is not well-developed. Only one or two traits
Round Character a character that is complex and has many sides
Direct Characterization the author describes a character straight out
Indirect Characterization the author reveals a character through speech and actions
External Conflict a struggle between a character and an outside force
Internal Conflict Conflict that takes place within a character's mind - a mental or emotional struggle
Exaggeration The describing of something and making it more than it really is.
Noun person, place or thing (common and proper)
Pronoun replaces a noun (instead of "Sally" - use "She")
Adjective A describing word - describes a noun (purple, tall, nice)
Verb An action word (think, jump, sleep)
Simile Making a comparison between two or more things using like or as.
Metaphor Making a direct comparison between two or more things not using like or as. Sometimes using words like is or was.
Alliteration The repetition of sound in a line of literature.
Personification Giving human characteristics to nonhuman things.
Onomatopoeia A word whose sound reflects its meaning.
Hyperbole Using exaggeration to make a point.
Idioms Are phrases which people use in everyday lanugage which do not make sense literally but we understand what they mean.
Created by: mrsgohl
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