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UNIT IV Study Guide

Name for a large silver discovery of silver in Nevada in 1850 Comstock Lode
Two Immigrant groups used to build the 1st transcontinental railroad IRISH CHINESE
Site in Utah of completion of the 1st transcontinental railroad Promontory Point
Means by which the federal government subsidized building railroads Land Grants
Historian. Wrote about importance of the frontier in American history Frederick Jackson Turner
Leader of the Apache who resisted relocation Geronimo
Leader of the Nez Perce who attempted to bring his people to Canada Chief Joseph
Leader of the Lakota Sioux Sitting Bull
Where treaties with the Sioux plains Indians were signed Fort Laramie
Site of a massacre of Native Americans South Dakota (Wounded Knee)
Site of Native American victory where the 7th cavalry were killed Battle of little big horn
Leader of the 7th cavalry in the Plains Wars George A. Custer
Legislation tried to get Native Americans to assimilate into the white culture as farmers Dawes Act
Wrote "A Century of Dishonor" about government mistreatment of Native Americans Helen Hunt Jackson
Organization of farmers that provided social activities, education, and cooperative buying Grange
Proposal of farmers how to increase the money supply / crop prices "Free Silver" or Bimettalism
Political party formed by farmers: People's Party (Populists)
Candidate of the (Populists) in the 1892 election James B. Weaver
Democratic candidate in 1896 who supported a free silver platform William J. Bryan
Republican candidate in 1896 who supported the gold standard William McKinley
Law gave land to states to establish colleges for vocational training Morrill Act of 1862
This legislation encouraged settlements of the West by offering cheap land Homestead Act
State legislation regulating the railroad industry. Ruled unconstitutional. Granger laws
Supreme court decision that overturned state regulation of railroads Wabash v. Illinois
Federal legislation regulating railroads Interstate commerce act
Invented the telegraph to improve communications Samuel Morse
Invented the telephone Alexander G. Bell
Invented the phonograph. Perfected the light bulb Thomas Edison
Invented the sewing machine, reducing cost of making clothes Elias Howe
Invented the typewriter Latham C. Sholes
Business combination where many corporations are controlled by one board of directors Trust
Having control of an entire industry is to have a __ Monopoly
Process allowed the making of better quality steel for lower cost Bessemer
Agreement by companies to maintain prices at a certain level. Used by railroads when they divided routes among themselves Podding
A company controls all the business / steps involved in creating a final product Vertical integration
Corporation that owns the stock of other companies, thereby controlling them Holding company
Industrialist involved in the steel industry Andrew Carnegie
Railroad baron Cornelius Vanderbilt
Banker / financer JP Morgan
Industrialist who controlled standard oil trust John D. Rockefeller
Meatpacking industrialist Gustavus Swift
This union organized only skilled workers American Federation of labor
This union organized all types of workers : skilled, unskilled Knights of labor
This union went on strike against the Pullman Palace Car Company American Railway Union
Event that led to the decline of the Knights of Labor Haymarket riot
Leader of the Knights of Labor Terence Powderly
Leader of the American Railway Union Eugene V. Debs
Leader of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Stike against a carnegie steel plant Homestead strike
Idea that the wealthy are the "fittest" and deserving of their wealth Social Darwinism
Idea that churches should be involved in charitable works in the community Social Gospel
Movement of middle class women to aid the poor and immigrants Settlement house union
Idea of a classless society developed by Karl Marx Communism
Idea of Henry James to "do what works from experience / experimentation" Pragmatism
Author of "Gospel of Wealth", urging the rich to give back to society through charity Andrew Carnegie
Author of "How The Other Half Lives", documenting poverty in cities Jacob Riis
Wrote in everyday language. Book "Gilded Age" described the period Mark Twain
Author of many "rags to riches" stories Horatio Alger
Author of "The Red Badge of Courage" in the realist style Stephen Crane
Founded the first settlement house in the U.S. Jane Addams
Boss of New York City's political machine, Tammany Hall William Tweed
Female union organizer Mary Harris "Mother" Jones
Criticized the business practices of John D. Rockefeller Ida Tarbell
Advocated Social Darwinism Herbert Spencer
Place of origin of "New" immigrants around 1900
Created by: amethystMT9611
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