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Milady Standard 11.

QuestionAnswer
Alopecia Abnormal hair
Alopecia Areata Autoimmune disorder that causes the affected hair follicles to be mistakenly attacked by a person's own immune system; usually begins with one or more small, round, smooth bald patches on scalp.
Alopecia Totalis Total loss of scalp hair.
Alopecia Universalis Complete loss of body hair.
Amino Acids Units that are joined together end to end like pop beads by strong, chemical peptide bonds end bonds) to form the polypeptide chains that comprise proteins.
Anagen Phase Also known as growth phase; phase during which new hair is produced.
Androgenic alopecia Also known as androgenetic alopecia; hair loss characterized by miniaturization of terminal hair that is converted to vellus hair; in men, it is known as male pattern baldness.
Canities Technical term for gray hair; results from loss of hair's natural melanin pigment.
Carbuncle Inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue caused by staphylococci; similar to a furuncle but larger.
Catagen Phase The brief transition period between the growth and resting phases of a hair follicle. It signals the end of the growth phase.
COHNS Elements The five elements- carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and sulfu- that make up human hair, skin, tissue, and nails.
Cortex Middle layer of hair; a fibrous protein core formed by enlongated cells containing melanin pigments.
Cowlick Tuft of hair that stands straight up.
Cysteine An amino acid joined with another cysteine amino acid to create cycsteine amino acid.
Cystine An amino acid that joins together two peptide strands.
Disulfide Bond Strong chemical side bond that joins the sulfur atoms of two neighboring cysteine amino acids to create one cystine, which joins together two polypeptide strands like rungs on a ladder.
Fragilitas Crinium Technical term for brittle hair.
Furuncle Biol; acute, localized bacterial infection of the hair follicle that produces constant pain.
Hair Bulb Lowest part of a hair strand; the thickened, club-shaped structure that forms the lowest part of hair root.
Hair Cuticle Outermost layer of hair; consisting of a single, overlapping layer of transsparent, scale-like cells that look like shingles on a roof.
Hair Density The number of individual hair strands on 1 square inch (2.5 square centimeters) of scalp
Hair Elasticity Ability of the hair to stretch and return to its original length without breaking.
Hair Follicle The tube-like depression or pocket in the skin or scalp that contains the hair root.
Hair Porosity Ability of the hair to absorb moisture.
Hair Root The part of the hair located below the surface of the epidermis.
Hair Shaft The portion of the hair that projects above the epidermis.
Hair Stream Hair flowing in the same direction, resulting from follicles sloping in the same direction.
Hair Texture Thickness or diameter of the individual hair strand.
Helix Spiral shape of a coiled protein created by polypeptide chains that intertwine with each other
Hydrogen Bond A weak, physical, cross-link side bond that is easily broken by water or heat.
Hydrophilic Easily aborbs moisture; in chemistry terma, capable of combining with or attracting water (water-loving)
Hydrophobic Naturally resistant to being penetrated by moisture.
Hypertrichosis Also known as hirsuties; condition of abnormal growth of hair, characterized by the growth of terminal hair in areas of the body that normally grow only vellus hair.
Keratinization Process by which newly formed cells in the hair bulb mature, fill with kertin, move upward, lose their nucleus, and die.
Lanthionine Bonds The bonds created disulfide bonds are broken by hydroxide chemical hair relaxers afterthe relaxeris rinsed from the hair.
Malassezia Naturally occurring fungus that is present on all human skin, but is responsible for dandruff when it grows out of control.
Medulla Innermost layer of the hair that is composed of round cells; often absent in fine and naturally blond hair.
Monilethrix Technical term for beaded hair.
Pediculosis Capitis Infestation of the hair and scalp with head lice.
Peptide Bond Also known as an end bond; chemical bond that joins amino acids to each other, end to end, to form a polypeptide chain.
Pityriasis Technical term for dandruff; characterized by excessive production and accumulation of skin cells.
Pityriasis Captis Simplex Technical term for classic dandruff; characterized by scalp irritation, large flakes, and itchy scalp.
Pityriasis Steatoides Severe case of dandruff characterized by an accumulation of greasy or waxy scales mixed with sebum, that stick to the scalp in crusts.
Polypeptide Chain A long chain of amino acids linked by peptide bonds.
Postpartum Alopecia Temporary hair loss experienced at the conclusion of a pregnancy.
Proteins Long, coiled complex polypeptides made of amino acids.
Ringed Hair Variety of canities characterized by alternating bands of gray and pigmented hair throughout the length of the hair strand.
Salt Bond A weak, physical, cross-link side bond between adjacent polypeptide chains.
Scutula Dry, sulfur-yellow, cup-like crusts on the scalp in tinea favosa or tinea favus.
Side Bonds Bondsthat cross-link the polypeptide chains together and are responsible for the extreme strength and elasticity of human hair.
Telogen Phase Also known as resting phase; the final phase in the hair cycle that lasts until the fully grown hair is shed.
Terminal Hair Long, Coarse, pigmented hair found on the scalp legs, arms, and bodies of males and females.
Tinea Technical term for ringworm, a contagious condition caused by fungal infection and not a parasite; characterized by itching, scales, and, sometimes, painful lesions.
Tinea Favosa Also known as tinea favus; fungal infection characterized by dry, sulfuryellow, cup-like crusts on the scalp called scutula.
Trichology Scientific study of hair and its diseases and care.
Trichoptilosis Technical term for split ends.
Trichorrhexis Nodosa Technical term for knotted hair; it is characterized by brittleness and the formation of nodular swellings along the hair shaft.
Vellus Hair Also known as lanugo hair; short, fine, unpigmented downy hair that appears on the body, with the exception of the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet.
Wave Pattern The shape of the hair strands; described as straight, wavy, curly, and extremely curly.
Whorl Hair that forms in a circular pattern on the crown of the head.
Created by: eryan21
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