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practice terms

Criterion-referenced used to determine how well a student has mastered predetermined objectives
scaffolding temporary support mechanism, typically involves some tangible aids for connecting and organizing info when a new subject is introduced
constructivist teaching individualization of instruction. focuses not on what teacher knows but what what and how the student learns
cognitive assessments measure a person's intellectual ability based on performance on verbal, numerical, and abstract reasoning tasks
Bruner contended that learning is an ACTIVE PROCESS in which learners construct new ideas or concepts based on their current and past knowledge. SPIRALING CURRICULUM
negative reinforcement occurs when a particular behavior is caused by the withdrawal of a stimulus
diagnostic assessment used at BEGINNING of a unit to provide the teacher with info regarding students prior knowledge, strengths and weaknesses
Kohlberg theory of moral development
affective domain deals with ideas such as feelings, values, motivations and attitude
cognitive domain
psychomotor domain
social learning theory - modeling - reciprocal determination - vicarious learning
cognitivism - schema - informational processing - mapping
performance assessment assessment in which students demonstrate their knowledge and skills in a non-written fashion
mastery learning proposes that all students can learn when provided w/the appropriate learning conditions in the classroom
direct instruction/explicit teaching systematic instruction for mastery of basic skills, facts, & info
operant conditioning learning in which voluntary behavior is strengthened or weakened by consequences or antecedents
Bruner the instructor should try to encourage students to construct hypotheses, make decisions, and discover principles by themselves; ss build on what they have already learned; spiral curriculum- teaches big ideas first, details over time later on
Dewey learning is active, should be fun, schooling is unnecessarily long & restrictive; ss should have real, guided experiences; should be involved in real-life tasks & challenges
Bandura social cognitive theory= adds concern with cognitive factors such as beliefs, self-perceptions, & expectations to social learning theory; people learn through observing others' behavior, attitudes, & outcomes
Vygotsky sociocultural theory= emphasize role in development of cooperative dialogues b/c children & more knowledgeable members of society. children learn the culture of their community through these interactions
Skinner behaviorism; behavior is sandwiched b/w two sets of environmental influences: those that precede it (its antecedents) & those that follow it (its consequences)
Metacognition knowledge about our own thinking processes
schema basic structure for organizing info; concepts
Created by: 1157511652