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Foundations of lear2

QuestionAnswer
- brain dominance identifies a function of the left and right hemisphere
-theory of multiple intelligences indiv have atleast 8 intelligences
-intrapersonal intelligence using skills with personal growth, self understanding, self motivation, intuition and spirituality
-naturalist intelligence- show sensitivity to world
-interpersonal intelligence- using communication, leadership and teamwork
-metacognition how, what and which strategies help you learn each task
-encoding attatching codes to stimuli to store sensory info in ltm
-magic 7 + 2 theory immediate memory span is seven (+ or - 2)
-schemas sets of memories that store large concepts that ideas, facts, and details can be attatched
-selectivity identifying and separating main ideas and important details from a larger body of information
-association cues to link together items in memory
-visualization movies in mind
-elaboration thinking about or working with encoding info in new ways
-rote memory learn info in exact form it was presented
-concentration block out distractions to stay focused
-recitation explaining clearly outlaid in own words in complete sentences without referring to materials
-intention creating goal to perform
-big and little pictures identifying diff
levels of info
-feedback verifying if you have or have not learned info
-organization creating meaningful, logical structure of arrangement of ideas/info
-time on task giving sufficient time and spacing to lern rehearse and retrieve info in memory
-ongoing review practicing previously learned info
-immediate goal plan to achieve results within a few hours to a day
-short term goals plan to achieve results from a week to three months
-intermediary goal plan to achieve a goal within one or two years
-long term goal plan to achieve results within several years
-abc method goal setting strategy to prioritize goals according to rank of importance
-intrinsic motivation driving force that comes within you to take action
-extrinsic motivation driving force to take action that comes from outside you
-self efficiency belief in your abilities to accomplish a task at a specific level
-internal distractor physical or mental disruptors inside you
-external distractor disruptors in physical environment
-expectancy theory of motivation persons intensity or desire to achieve a goal and a belief in the likelihood of achieving that goal
-closed questions require specific answers
-open ended questions variety of possible answers
-essay questions retrieve info from memory and organize it into several paragraphs with main ideas that are related to a thesis statement
-problem solving questions recall that requires you to apply a series of steps
-five day study plan plan of action that helps you organize materials and time to review for a major test
-recency effect items you remember easiest are most easily practiced
-test anxiety stress that hinders your ability to perform on a test
-locus of control degree a person feels they have the power to control circumstances in his or her life
-systematic desensitization anxiety reducing strategy that uses activities that reduce strong negative emotional reactions to upcoming situations
-acrostic sentence made by using the first letter of key words
- loci method mnemonic that associates items or topics with rooms in a familiar building
-appendix supplementary materials in back of book that were not included in chapters
-glossary minidictionary in back of book with definitions of terminology
-index alphabetical listing of significant topics that appear in the book
-main idea authors most important point
-surveying previewing or skimming info for overview
-thorough reading reading slowly and systematically to comprehend and process printed info
-active reading using effective strategies to engage working memory to achieve specific reading goals
-sq4r- six step process for reading and comprehending text books
(question turning title heading and subheading into questions -read
-recite- recite important points in paragraph and in notes without looking at material
-review steps immediate and ongoing review)
-read record recite cycle reading info, taking notes, and explaining outlaid before moving on
-triple Q reading system system that formulates questions before during and after reading
-cause/effect pattern shows relationship of items by showing what causes specific events
-cornell notetaking system five step note taking process to take notes from books or lectures
-five r's of cornell record reduce recite reflect review
-record taking notes in right column
reduce step condensing notes into left recall
-recall column left column that shows key words, headings, and study questions
-recite using info in recall to explain outloud w/out using notes
-reflect thinking seriously, comprehending, and using rehearsal to work with info in new ways
-review immediate and ongoing
-ongoing review practicing info days and weeks after initial learning
-two column notetaking system topics, vocal, study questions in left column and details or explanations in right
-outline notetaking system informal outline structure for notes
-listening taking in auditory stimuli, holding it in working memory and attaching meaning to words and understanding what you hear
-active listening concentrating intently on the message wanting to understand the info as it is presented
-critical listening concentrating on message with goals of understanding, interpreting, analyzing, and critiquing the content
-empathic listening concentrating on words to understand the persons feelings emotions or thoughts related to a specific topic of situation
-rate of speaking av
number of words a speaker says per minute 100-125
-paraphrasing using your own words to rephrase or shorten a speakers verbal info
-visual mappings diagrams with topic in center with main ideas branching off and details branching off them
-hierarchies diagram with topic on the top line with main ids branching down and details branching from main ideas
-declarative knowledge factual info
-prototype model of a specific math problem
-analysis complex and higher order thinking in the fourth level of blooms taxonomy
-synthesis level in blooms taxamony that covers complex thinking skills and involves making a whole picture
-scientific method of inquiry process based on observation, experimentation, theories and natural laws
Created by: amberhenson