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Grimes USH 1789-1900

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Compromise of 1877   The Corrupt Bargain where Rutherford B. Hayes was given the Presidency if he agreed to remove federal troops from southern states.  
Generals of the Union Army   Ulysses S. Grant, Sherman, and Meade  
Generals of the Confederate Army   Robert E. Lee, Pemberton  
Reconstruction   Years 1865-1877 where former Confederate states were controlled by the federal government before readmission.  
Southern Politics   Political decisions made by scalawags during Reconstruction.  
Scalawag   Derogatory name for white Southerners who joined the Republican Party.  
Carpetbaggers   Derogatory name for Northerners who went to the South.  
Reasons for Secession   Differences on slavery and secession rights, plantations v. factories,and Confederate attack on Ft. Sumter.  
Strengths of the North (Union Army)   Larger army, more industrialized, better rail system.  
Strengths of the South (Confederates)   Robert E. Lee, Familiarity with the battlefields.  
Slavery   Practice of owning slaves in the south prior to the Civil War.  
Standard Oil   Oil company owned by John D. Rockefeller.  
Gettysburg   July 3, 1861, with a Union win, this was the turning point of the war.  
Sharecropping v. Tenant Farming   Sharecropping is where a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crop produced. A tenant farmer is one who resides on, and farms, land owned by a landowner. Both farming types kept the former slaves basically indentured.  
Monroe Doctrine   The 1823 declaration, by President James Monroe, that the U.S. would not tolerate a European nation colonizing an independent nation in No/So America.  
Transcendentalism   A literary and philosophical movement asserting the existence of an ideal spiritual reality that transcends through intution.  
Abraham Lincoln   Republican President elected in 1860 who served until his assassination during the Civil War.  
Manifest Destiny   The 19th century doctrine that the U.S.had the right and duty to expand throughout the North American continent.  
Missouri Compromise   An agreement which allowed Missouri to come into the Union as a slave state and Maine as a free state.  
Industrial Revolution   The social,economic, and technological revolution in 18th century Britain, and 19th century U.S.  
13th Amendment   The amendment abolishing slavery in all U.S. states.  
14th Amendment   The amendment designed to grant citizenship to and protect the civil liberties of recently freed slaves.  
15th Amendment   The right of citizens of the U.S. to votes shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.  
Progressive Party   Party whose platform called for tariff reform, stricter regulation on industry, gains for women’s suffrage, prohibition of child labor, and other reforms. Party of Teddy Roosevelt, and Robert La Follette  
Social Darwinism   A term given to a kind of social theory that draws an association between Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection, and the sociological relations of humanity.  
Seneca Falls Convention   An early Women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls, New York in July 1848.  
Women's Rights   A movement that pursued voting rights for women and basic rights for women.  


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Created by: mcgrimes