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Westward Expansion

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Term
Definition
California gold rush   Period where thousands of people went west to search for gold.  
Cattle drive   When north cowboys guided huge herds of cattle North to new railroad lines extending across the great plains.  
Pony express   business that delivered mail from Missouri to California.  
Telegraph   invention that sent messages along wires using electricity  
Samuel B. Morse   Developed a way to send telegraph messeges  
Transcontinental railroad   A railroad across the continent linking the Eastern United states to the Western United states.  
union pacific   began building train track west from Omaha, Most workers were Irish immigrants  
central pacific   began building train track east from Sacramento,California. Most workers were Chinese immagrants  
promontory point   place in Utah where the union pacific met the central pacific and connected the Transcontinental railroad  
Chinese Immigrants   made up almost 80% of the Central Pacific workers.  
Red Cloud   told union pacific workers they were scaring away the buffalo  
Gen. William Tecumsah Sherman   warned the Native Americans that nothing would stop the building of the railroads  
Homestead Act of 1862   law that offered free land to Americans citizens and immigrants who were willing to start new farms on the great plains  
Homesteaders   settlers who claimed land through Homestead Act  
sod House (soddy)   houses made from sod (soil) on the Great Plains  
sodbusters   the name of farmers on the great Plains  
Pioneers   new settlers.  
exobusters   thousands of African American pioneers who moved to the great plains and started communities  
Nicodemus, Kansas   a successful community started by exodusters  
technoligy   the use of new ideas to make tools that improve people's lives  
entrepreneur   a person who stats a new business hoping to make a profit  
Levi Strauss   began making pants out of blue denim that were Sturdy and didn't tear-the first blue jeans  
Reservation   area of land set aside for Native Americans  
sitting bull   chief of the Lakota tribe in the Black hills of South Dakota  
Col. George Custer   led the 7th Cavalry on a mission to defeat the Lakota and force them onto a new Reservation.  
Battle of Little Bighorn   battle in witch Crazy Horse helped lead the Lakota to victory against the U.S. forces  
Chief Joseph   a Nez Pierce' chief who led his people to the Canadian border to avoid moving to a reservation  


   


 
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