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Ercolani 13

Color Terms

QuestionAnswer
What is color? An element of design.
How is color perceived? When light in different wavelengths is reflected from objects to our eyes. Colors look different depending on the lighting you view them under.
What are the different types of light? Incandescent, fluorescent, and natural.
What is hue? Hue is the color itself. Each different hue is a different reflected wavelength of light.
When does white light and black light occur? White light occurs when all wavelengths are reflected back. Black light occurs when no light is reflected back.
What are the primary colors? Red, blue, and yellow.
What are the secondary colors? Violet, green, and orange.
What are the tertiary colors? Red-violet, blue-violet, blue-green, yellow-green, yellow-orange, and red-orange.
Why are the colors in the color wheel called saturated colors? There is no white or black in them.
What is a tint? A saturated color that is mixed with pure white color. The more white, the lighter the color.
What is a shade? A saturated color that is mixed with pure black color. The more black, the darker the color.
What are the warm colors? Red, orange, and yellow.
What are the cool colors? Blue, green, and violet.
What are the neutral colors? Black, grey, white, brown, and tan.
What is a monochromatic color harmony? They are achieved by using tints and shades of only one color.
What is an analogous color harmony? They are done by using three or more colors that are next to each other on the color wheel.
What is a complementary color harmony? Two colors that are directly across from each other on the color wheel.
What is a triadic color harmony? Three colors that are located within equal distance of each other.
What is a split complementary color harmony? This is created by using any color and the two colors located next to that color's complement.
What is a neutral color harmony? Any combination of blacks, greys, whites, browns, and tans.
Created by: marissaercolani