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OTH 1001 test review

OTH 1001 Test Review Test 1 SM

QuestionAnswer
What group brought moral treatment to the US? The Quakers (Soceity of Friends)
What is Susan Tracy known for? 1st to use occupations with the acutely ill. Studies in Invalid Occupations 1918
What is George Barton known for? Consolation House (early rehab ctr) 1914.Reeducation of Convalescents
What is William Dunton known for? Father of OT. 9 Cardinal Principals of OT. Judicious Regimen of Activity.
What is Eleanor Clark Slagle known for? Created Habit Training. Most distinguished OT of 20th Century-very active in Natl Org.
What is Adolph Meyer known for? Base philosophies of OT. Balance of Activities--work, play, rest, sleep.
What are the Early basic principals of OT? 1.Purposeful work/leisure. 2.Intricate involvement both mind/body (holistic). 3.OT as a learning process. 4.Therapeutic use of one's personal qualities.
What is moral treatment? & Significant contribution of moral era? change from jail-like conditions to tx focus for people w/mental illness.Established Asylums. Late 18th Century early 19th. Reformers/Humanitarians.
4 main people involved in growth & devolpment of the COTA? Ruth Robinson, Marion Crampton, Ruth Brunyate Wiemer, Mildred Schwagmeyer
What was Ruth Robinson known for? Advocate for Train & support of OT. personnel/military Ot training programs. Pres of AOTA & Army Col.
What was Marion Crampton known for? 1st mental health training program/state level.
What is Ruth Brunyate Wiemer known for? Advocate for certification of OTA's. Dir. of Tech. Educ. Pres of AOTA "Able Seamen far outnumber captains & commodores yet ships don't sink".
What is Mildred Schwagmeyer known for? Developed OTA programs/defined requirements. TB hospitals. worked w/weimer.
Early training courses for COTA's were located where--how long--by who? 1944-US Army-1 month. Then 4-6 wk courses in Mass. by AOTA. 1st approved program Duluth voc Tech school MN 1961. St Marys 1st 2yr 1965.
What time frame were OTA's incorporated into the OT profession? 60's
What is Accreditation-why important? Accreditation meets standards & consists of intense critical review & site visit by ACOTE. Must be accredited in order to sit for boards given by NBCOT.
What are the 5 approaches to service delivery (interventions)?(Be able to match to examples) 1.Create/Promote. 2 Establish/Restore. 3. Maintain. 4. Modify. 5.Prevent.
What are the 5 types of service delivery (Thera use)? (Be able to match to examples) 1.Therapeutic use of self 2. Therapeutic use of Occupations (occ based intrvntns, prps act, prep mthds). 3. Consulation process 4. education process 5. advocacy
What 3 things make man unique according to Meyer? 1. Sense of Time 2. Capacity for imagination 3. Need for Occupation
Why is it important to have a professional philosophy (4)? 1. The philosophy represents profession's views on nature of existence. 2.Philosophy guides action. 3. Direct relation between professional growth & ability to explain reasons for existence 4. Must appreciate reasons why techniques are applied-philo/theor
What are our current Beliefs, Principles (positions)(4)? 1.Metaphysical (holism) 2.Epistemological -many Rts. of learning 3.Axiological/Aesthetic-quality of life 4.Axiological/Ethical-persons not objects
What is OT? Enabling people to do day-to-day activities that are important to them despite limitations, deficits, restrictions, or risks for these problems.
What are the 9 Cardinal Principals? 1.Objective as a cure 2.Be Interesting 3.Useful Purpose 4.Increase Pat's knowledge 4.Group Activities 6.Carefully supervise-meet most needs w/activity 7.Cease before fatigue 8.Genuine encouragement 9.Work preferred over idleness
Rehab Movement from 1942-1960
National Society for Promotion of OT became AOTA in _______? 1921
AMA assumed inspection and accredidation of OT schools in ______. ___ schools were accredited. 1938; 5
When did states develop specific laws for OT? in the 70s, states required licensure for OT
When was the OT certification exam created? 1977 - many states used it for licensure requirements
Personality traits of OT practitioners desire to help others, genuinely like people, able to relate to both individuals and small groups, appreciate diversity and value people's ability to change
Rehab setting provide longer-term care (than acute) and intensive therapy from a VARIETY of professionals
Preparatory Activities help get the client ready for purposeful activity (i.e. ROM, exercise, strengthening, or stretching)
Contrived Activities made-up activities that may include some of the same skills required for the occupation (tying shoes on a doll before actually tying ones own shoes)
Moral Treatment grounded in philosophy that all people, even the most challenged, are entitled to consideration and human compassion
Reductionistic approach body is reduced to separately functioning body parts
altruism unselfish concern for the welfare of others
equality treat all people eqally and with an attitude of fairness and respect each person's beliefs/values/lifestyles
freedom individuals right to exercise choice and to demonstrate independence, initiative, and self direction
justice need for all OT practitioners to abide by the law that governs the practice and respect legal rights of the patient
dignity valuing the uniqueness of each individual through empathy and respect
truth demonstrated through behavior that is honest, accountable, and accurate
prudence ability to demonstrate sound judgement, care, and discretion
What is occupation? activities we engage in EVERY DAY
Occupational Therapy definition goal-directed activity that promotes independence in function
Created by: RadGirl13