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Computer Fundamental

BHS BCA - Chapter 1 Vocab - Introducing Computer Fundamentals

Channel Media that carries data communication messages; ex- telephone wire, coaxial wire
Computer Electronic device that receives, processes, and stores data to produce a result
Computer System Hardware, data, and software working together
Data Information entered into the computer to be processed; ex- text, numbers, sounds, images
Data Communications Transmissions of text, numeric, voice, or video data from one machine to another
Hardware The tangible, physical equipment that can be seen and touched
Internet The largest network used as a communication tool
LAN Local Area Network; series of connected computers and other hardware within a confined space
Mainframe Smaller and less powerful than supercomputer; used for centalized storage, processing, and management of very large amounts of data
Microcomputer Personal computer used at home or office for papers, internet, and finance
Microprocessor Circuit chip that process for a computer or appliance
Minicomputers Multiple users and significant amounts of data
Network connects one computer to another computer, or other hardware
Notebook similar to a microcomputer; smaller and portable
People users of computer who enter data and use output
Protocol Standard format for transferring data between two devices
Receiver Computer that receives a data transmission
Sender Computer that sends a data transmission
Software Intangible set of instructions that tells the computer what to do
Supercomputer Largest and fastest computers, capable of storing and processing tremendous volumes of data
WAN Wide Area Network; Computer networks that cover a large geographical area; the Internet
Created by: grvr95