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Intro OT test 1

test 1

QuestionAnswer
1. Altruism, justice, truth, dignity, equality, freedom, and prudence are the seven the basis of what Core values and attitudes of occupational practice. p. 2
2. What makes OT unique Holistic approach and is client centered (each clients history, function, and collection of data on individual clients)
3. What do the 8 basic philosophical assumptions do for the practice of occupational therapy Guide OT practitioners in providing client-centered therapy. p. 2
4. Person-first language Avoids labeling a person according to their dx
5. The occupational practice framework replaced what in our history Uniform terminology
6. When you hear these terms ADLS, IADLS, education, work, and play, leisure, and social participation what are these and where are they from Performance in areas of occupation and they come from the OT practice framework. p. 3
7. What are the three performance patterns that are grouped together Habits, routines, roles that a person adopts p. 3
8. Together motor skills, process skills, and communication/interaction make up what Performance skills (features of what a person does during an activity) p. 3
9. What are activity demands The aspects of the task that influence the performance by the person. Objects used and their properties, space demands, social demands, sequencing and timing, required actions, required body functions and required body structures.
10. What refers to the conditions that surround the person context. These include cultural, physical, social, personal, temporal and virtual contexts. p. 3
11. What are the five characteristics of cerebral palsy injury or insult occurs to developing brain, nonprogressive, lifelong, involves disorder in sensory motor development originating in the brain.
12. CP is felt to be caused by lesions or injury to what a developing or immature brain (prenatal, perinatal, or postnatal)
13. How many subtypes of cerebral palsy are there 4 subtypes (spastic, athetoid, ataxic) the fourth type is mixed
14. What is hypertone High tone (spastic)
15. What is hypotone Flaccid
16. What is fluctuating tone Combination of hypotone and hypertone
17. As an OT practitioner what would you emphasize with a client with CP Motor control issues
18. Who else would you want to include in the therapy treatment family (teach proper physical handling of client due to the ability to increase or decrease tone and affect motor control issues)
19. Repetitive, involuntary, slow, sinuous, writing movement? Athetoid
20. If a client displays unsteadiness and balance problems this is described as being ataxia
21. Which of the following is false:
Spastic diplegia involves both upper extremities (lower extremities)
Spastic hemiplegia involves one side of the body,
Spastic quadriplegia involves the whole body
spastic quadriplegia CP results in contractions and deformities
22. What comes to mind when you hear these terms: impairment in social interaction, impairment in communication, restricted behaviors, and repetitive or stereotyped behaviors Autism Spectrum Disorders p. 24
23. What are the 5 disorders under the umbrella category of The Autism Spectrum Disorders Autism, Asperger’s disorder, Rett’s disorder, Childhood disintegrative disorder, PDD-NOS
24. Tor F Virtually all of the body function categories and related body structures can be affected in an individual with CP true
25. What are some common disorders found in individuals with CP seizure disorders, sensory processing disorder, mental retardation, visual and hearing impairment
26. If you observe a child and they use both R and L hand (ambiguous hand preference) when performing a task what might their dx be autism
27. Language skill and IQ scores are generally indicated to be the strongest indicators related to what prognosis in functioning and independence
28. Early success in eye hand coordination is an indication of vocational ability later in life
29. What types of treatments are often seen with autism spectrum disorders complimentary and alternative
30. Complimentary treatments used in conjunction with traditional western medical practices
31. Alternative treatments used in place of traditional western medical practices
32. Rett’s disorder is primarily linked to females (only ASD with known genetic marker)
33. Fragile X syndromes is primarily linked to boys (genetic mutation on fragile X chromosome)
34. Children with this disorder frequently have difficulty interpreting the emotions of others Autism or Asperger’s
35. In general for you to be effective in intervening with a client you must account for what in a client Client factors strengths and challenges
36. Intellectual disability can also be known as cognitive impairment and mental retardation (these are interchangeable)
37. If only one gene is affected what is this referred to single gene disorder (problem with the quality of the genetic material)
38. Someone with limited intellectual functioning who does NOT have adaptive skill DEFICITS is not considered MR True
39. Fine and gross motor impairment you may have problems in which of the following areas: praxis, hand and eye coordination, speed, imitation, posture, skilled movement, and balance all of the above
40. How effective one is when coping with common life demands and how well one meets the standards for personal independence in ones age group is known as adaptive functioning
41. The focus of an OT assessment for MR is adaptive behavior (a collection of conceptual social and practical skills that people have learned so they can function in their everyday lives.)
42. A diagnosis of MR must be made before what age 18
Created by: cclutter