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Intro_CH.3 Key Terms

Intro to OT (4th ed.) - O'Brien & Hussey - CH.3_terms

active being the view of humans as actively involved in controlling & determining their own behavior
activity state or condition of being involved (participant); a general class of human actions that is goal-directed
adaptation a change in function that promotes survival & self-actualization
altruism the unselfish concern for the welfare for others
axiology study of values
client-centered approach an approach in which the client, family, & significant others are active participants throughout the therapeutic process
dignity the quality or state of being worthy, honored, or esteemed
epistemology investigate the nature, origin, & limits of human knowledge (how does a person know what he knows)
equality treating all individuals equally with an attitude of fairness & impartiality & respecting each individual's beliefs, values, & lifestyles in the day-today interactions
freedom an individual's right to exercise choice & to demonstrate initiative, & self-direction
holistic approach an approach that deems that each individual should be seen as a complete & unified whole rather than a series of parts or problems to be managed
humanism the belief that the client should be treated as a person, not an object
justice the need for all OT practitioners to abide by the laws that govern the practice & the legal rights of the client
metaphysical component one part of philosophy that addresses questions such as "What is the nature of humankind?"
occupation activity in which one engages that is meaningful & central to one's identity
occupation as a means the use of a specific occupation to bring about a change in the client's performance
occupation as an end the desired outcome or product of intervention
occupational performance the ability to carry out activities in the areas of occupation
phenomenological that which is determined by the experience of individuals
professional philosophy a set of values, beliefs, truths, & principles that guide the practitioner's actions
prudence the ability to demonstrate sound judgement, care, & discretion
quality of life a relative measurement of what is meaningful & what provides satisfaction to an individual
role a pattern of behavior that involves certain rights & duties that an individual is expected, trained, & encouraged to perform in a particular social situation
reductionistic an approach used by the US healthcare system wherein humankind is reduced to separately functioning body parts.
task considered the basic units of behavior & are the simplest form of an action (ex. reaching for a ball)
truthfulness the value demonstrated through behavior that is accountable, honest, & accurate, & that maintains one's professional competence
Created by: sheaton
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