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Conditions in OT (4th ed.) - Atchison & Dirette - CH.3_terms

Ambiguous hand preference absence of a dominant hand preference
Amygdala a structure that is part of the limbic system & is involved in the emotions of aggression & fear
Asperger's disorder/ Asperger's syndrome Neurobiolgic disorder-cognitive & comm. skills develop normally/near normally during the 1st few yrs. Social impairment is evident;repetitive & sterotypical behaviors are observed; comm.is not delayed & is marked by unusual topics of interest & rigidity.
Auditory processing The process of the brain recognizing & interpreting sounds in the environment - responsible for language comprehension.
Autistic disorder A neurobiologic disorder w/an unknown etiology, characterized by significant delay or deviation in social interaction, communication, & repetitive or stereotyped behaviors.
Casein A protein found in cow's milk. Theory in autism suggests that kids with autism don’t digest this protein appropriately, leading to a buildup of morphine-like substances in the body & causing social withdrawing & abnormal behaviors.
Cerebellum A region of the brain that is found at the rear of the head & is above the brainstem; coordination of movement; may also have a role in cognitive, sensory, language, & abstract-thinking skills.
Childhood disintegrative disorder A rare neurobiologic disorder that develops in children who had appeared completely normal during their 1st few years of life. Following its onset, language, social interaction, & self-care skills are lost & autistic-like symptoms appear.
Echolalia The automatic & meaningless repetition of anothers words or phrases that does not fit the situation; can happen immediately or later.
Emotional liability Inability to regulate emotions appropriately, typically resulting in laughing or crying in unsuitable contexts.
Frontal lobes In front of cerebrum; responsible for social behavior, spontaneous production of language, initiation of motor activity, processing of sensory stimuli & then planning reaction as a result of the input, abstract thinking, problem solving, & judgement.
GI disorder (GERD) disorder of the digestive system
Gaze shift Sharing attention with another person by alternating gaze between an object & a person or following the gaze of.
Gene a region of DNA that carries the genetic instructions for cells
Gluten Protein found in wheat. Theory in autism suggests that kids with autism don’t digest this protein appropriately, leading to a buildup of morphine-like substances in the body & causing social withdrawing & abnormal behaviors.
Hippocampus a structure that is part of the limbic system & is involved in long-term memory functions.
Hyperlexia ability to read words above age-level expectation, but often not comprehending the meanings of the words read.
Inferior olive region of the brainstem that transmits error signals to the cerebellum
Joint attention the ability to use eye contact & gestures in order to share experiences with others
Limbic system This group of subcortical structures is involved in various emotions & memory functions.
Neurobiologic Of or relating to the biologic study of the NS. The cause of autism is considered to be an abnormality in the structure or function of the brain.
Neuron a nerve cell that is specialized in transmitting & receiving electrical signals to communicate information between different regions of the body.
Purkinje cells Cells that form a layer near the surface of the cerebellum & convey signals away form the cerebellum.
Rett's disorder Rare neurobio.disorder; affects mostly girls; caused by a deviation of the MECP2 gene; has distinctive course since early develop. in kids is typical followed by the decline of head growth, loss of purposeful hand movements & appearance of autistic symp.
Rote memory The process of memorizing & using language overheard from others rather than producing spontaneously generated language.
Tactile defensiveness a type of defensiveness in which a person overreacts or avoids touching certain textures
Theory of mind the ability to understand another person's thoughts, feelings, or intentions
Chelation A process to remove toxins from a person's system; typically, removal of heavy metals such as mercury
Rigid Behaviors difficulty in breaking out of own agenda
global impairment brain damage as a result of broad spread lesions
alternative medicine used as a replacement for traditional Western medical practices
complimentary medicine uses in conjunction with traditional Western medical practices
Created by: sheaton