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OT Hist Lect 1 SM

OTH 1001 Fall 2012 SM

QuestionAnswer
A change from jail-like conditions to treatment focus for people with mental illness is considered Moral Treatment
T/F: Mentally ill people were treated like animals prior and considered to be witches or demons prior to the Age of Enlightenment/moral treatment era True
Which historical figure treated emotions, used music, work & physical exercise? Phillippe Pinel
Which historical figure established the York Retreat utilizing kindness & consideration? William Tuke
What group was responsible for bringing Moral Treatment to the US & the main historical advocate for that era? The Quakers & Dorothea Dix
Who was the 1st to use occupations with the acutely ill & what were they known for/when? Susan Tracy. Studies in Invalid Occupations (1918)
Who founded the rehab center, Consolation House, in 1914 & what were they known for? George Barton. Reeducation of Convalescents (wrote document @ needing to have things to do)
Who is considered to be the "Father of OT" & what is he known for? William Dunton. Judicious Regimen of Activity & the 9 Cardinal Principals of OT (also wrote many books).
List the 9 Cardinal Principals of OT: 1. Have Objective as cure 2. Be interesting 3. Useful Purpose 4. Increase Pat's Knowledge 5. Group Activities 6.Carefully supervise-meet most needs w/activity 7. Cease before fatigue 8. Genuine encouragement 9. Work preferred over idleness
Who fought over original term of OT & claimed it? William Dunton & George Barton. Barton claims use in 1915.
Who was the most distinguished OT of 20th Century, very active in Natl. Organization, & known for creating "Habit Training"? Eleanor Clark Slagle
What is habit training? A very regimented daily schedule/routine from wake to sleep individually & also in groups. Groups are separated into levels (low/mid/high).
Which person's philosophies are the base of OT--known as Balance of Activities(work, play, rest, sleep)? Adolph Meyer (1922)
Who are the founding 5 of the AOTA & what year? 1917. Barton, Dunton, Slagle; Susan Cox Johnson & Thomas B. Kidner (6th--Isabelle Newton attended in place of Tracy)
What are the Basic Principles of OT: 1. Purposeful work & leisure 2. Intricate involvement of mind/body 3. OT as a learning process 4. Therapeutic use of one's personal qualities
What major change occurred in the profession from the 60's-80's & why? OT became reductionistic & biomedically oriented to compete with other health professions & ensure 3rd party pymt
Created by: RadGirl13