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Computer Vocabulary

Bit The smallest unit of information recognized by a computer.
Byte A group of bits strung together to form a character.
Central Processing Unit (CPU) The "brain" of the computer that directs all the operations necessary for a computer to turn data into information.
Character A symbol generated on the computer screen by pressing any key.
Compact Disk/ Read Only Memory (CD-ROM) Disks that are used to store data.
Data Facts or figures that are assembled and processed to produce needed information.
Default A particular setting for a variable that is assigned atoumatically by the software and remains in effect unless changed by the user.
Disk Drive The drive in the central Processing Unit where a disk is inserted.
Edit to change the contents of a document.
File A document that is stored electronically.
Flash Memory Faster than disk storage with up to 16 GB or more or data transferring over a universal serial bus (USB).
Floppy Disk A storage device made of flexible plastic material on which electronic data can be recorded.
Format The arrangement of data for storage or display and the method for achieving such an arrangement.
Hard Drive A storage device typically located inside the Central Processing Unit an airtight case. This is the main storage device of a computer and are the fastest and have the greatest storage capacity.
Hardware Another name for computer equipment.
Input Device Any hardware device which allows the user to enter data into a computer.
Keyboard The most common method of inputting data into a computer and processing that data.
Modem A communications device that allows a computer to connect to the internet.
Monitor A component of a computer that displays text and images on the screen.
Network Two or more computers that are connected together to share resources such as hardware, data and software.
Output Device A device, such as a printer, video display, or speaker, that presents data from a computer to a user.
Printer Output device that produces text or graphics on paper.
Random Access Memory (RAM) Saves all data while the computer is turned on and automatically erases it when the computer is turned off.
Router A network device that connects two or more networks to one another.
Save Storing a document or data electronically.
Scanner A device that reads an image( as a photograph) or document( page of text) especially for use ore storage on a computer.
Storage Device A hardware device capable of holding data or information.



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