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AR CBA Unit 1

Unit 1 - Hardware and Software

Computer software created to allow the user to perform a specific job or task. Application Software
Word Processing, Spreadsheet, Database and Graphics software are all examples of what type of software? Application Software
Executes commands from a computer's hardware and software; the principal computer chip that contains several processing components, which determines the computer's operating speed; the "brain" of a computer. Central Processing Unit
A program on a computer that allows the user to create, edit, view, print, rename, copy, or delete files, folders or an entire file system. File Management
An extension at the end of a file name, indicating which application was used to create a document. File Type
Data entered into the computer through a variety of devices such as a keyboard, microphone, scanner, flash drive or mouse. Input Device
The action of gaining access to a computer or a network by entering a username and password Logon
Computer chips that store data and programs while the computer is working; often called RAM or Random Access Memory Memory
System software that acts as the "go-between", allowing computer hardware and software to communicate with each other. Operating System
Allows the user to view or listen to data a computer processes such as a monitor, printer, headphones, or speakers Output Device
Additional hardware that isn't necessary for a computer to function, but does enhance how the computer can be used. Examples: Scanner, Webcam, Computer joystick. Peripheral
Storing data for later use. Save
A feature that allows the user to change the attributes of a file (such as location, file name or file type) before saving it. Save As
External hardware used to store and retrieve data, such as a disk drive, CD/DVD drive, flash drive, or tape drive. Storage Device
Software responsible for the general operation of a computer system, including the operation of hardware, running application software, and file management. System Software
BIOS, Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linus, and Utility Software are all examples of System Software
A computer case that contains the CPU, power supply, memory and storage. System Unit
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