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computer terminology

Bit- The smallest unit of information recognized by a computer.
Byte- A group of bits strung together to form a character.
Central Processing Unit (CPU) - The "brain"of the computer that directs all the operations necessary for a computer to turn data into information.
Character- A symbol generated on the computer screen by pressing any key.
Compact Disk/ Read Only Memory (CD-ROM)- Disks that are used to store data.
Data- Facts or figures that are assembled and processed to produce needed information.
Default- A particular setting for a variable that is assigned automatically by the software and remains in effect unless changed by user.
Disk Drive- The drive in the Central Processing Unit where a disk is inserted.
Edit- To change the content of a document.
File- A document that is stored electronically.
Flash Memory- Faster than disk storage with up to 16 GB or more data transferring over universal serial bus.
Floppy disk- A storage device made for flexible plastic material on which electronic data can be recorded.
Format- The arrangement of data for storage or display and the method for achieving such an arrangement.
Hard Drive- A storage device typically located inside the Central Processing Unit that is enclosed in an airtight case.This is the main storage device of a computer and are the fastest and have the greatest storing capacity.
Hardware- Another name for computer equipment.
Input Device- Any hardware device which allows the user to enter data into a computer.
Keyboard- The most common method of inputting data into a computer and processing the data.
Modern- A communications device that allows a computer to display text and images on a screen.
Network- Two or more computers that are connected together to share resources such as hardware,data and software.
Output Device- A device,such as a printer,video display, or speaker, that presents data from a computer to a user.
Printer- Output device that produces text or graphics on paper.
Random Access Memory (RAM)- Saves all data while the computer is turned on and automatically erases it when the computer is turned off.
Router- A network device that connects two or more networks to one another.
Save- Storing a document or data electronically.
Scanner- A device tat reads an image (as a photograph) or document (page of text) especially for use or storage on a computer.
Storage Device- A hardware device capable of holding data or information.
Created by: gogeta1873



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