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CMW Chapter 1 Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Computer Electronic device operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory.
Computer Literacy Current knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses.
Hardware Electric, electronic, and mechanical components contained in a computer.
Input Device Hardware used to enter data and instructions.
Output Device Hardware that conveys information to one ort more people.
System unit Case that contains the electronic components of the computer that are used to process data.
Storage Media Physical material on which data, instructions, and information are stored.
Storage Device Records and retrieves information to and from storage media.
Communication Device hardware component that enables a computer to send and recieve data, instuctions, and information.
Network Collection of computers and devices connected together,often wirelessly, via communications devices and transmission media, allowing computers to share resources.
Internet Worldwide collection of networks that conct millions of businesses, governement agencies, educational institutions, and individuals.
Software Series of instructions that tells a computer what to do and how to do it.
System Software Program that controls and maintains the operations of the computer and its devices.
Operating System Set of programs containing instructions that work together to coordinate all the activities among computer ahrdware devices.
Utility Program Type of System software that allows user to perform maintenance type tasks usually related to managing a computer, its devices, or its programs.
Application Software Programs designed to make users more productive.
Personal Computer Can perform all its input, output, and storage activityby itself and contains a processor, memry, and one or more input and output devices, and storage devices.
Notebook Computers Portable, personal computer designed to fit on a users lap.
Game Console Mobile computing device designed for single/multi-playervideo games.
Server Computer that controls access to hardware and software, and other resources on a network and provides a centralized storage area for programs,data, and information.
Mainframe Large, expensive, powerfu computer that can handle 100s or 1000s of connected users simultaneously, storing tremendous amounts of data, instructions, and information.
Supercomputer Fastest, most powerful, and expensivecomputer, capable of processing more than 135 trillion instructions in a single second.
Embedded Computer Special-purpose computer that functions as a component in a larger product.
Telecommuting Work arrangement in which employees work away from a company's standard workplace and often communicate with the office through the computer.
Created by: JoshuaKatikala