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CBA Unit 1 H&S

Hardware & Software

QuestionAnswer
What is the action of gaining access to a computer or a network by entering a username and password? logon, login, or sign in
What is the term used for an extension at the end of a file name, indicating which application was used to create the document? file type
What is the file extension for a Word document? .docx
What is the file extension for an Excel spreadsheet? .xlsx
What is the file extension for an Access database? .accdb
What is the file extension for a PowerPoint presentation? .pptx
What is the term used for the equipment components of a computer system? hardware
What is the term for storing data for later use? saving
What is a feature that allows the user to change the attributes of a file (such as location, file name, or file type) before saving it? Save As
What is the term used for computer case that contains the CPU, power supply, memory, and storage? System Unit
Which component of the Computer System is the principal computer hardware device that controls the speed and processing of a computer? Central Processing Unit
How many bytes are there in a gigabyte? about one billion
What is the term for additional hardware that isn’t necessary for a computer to function, but does enhance how the computer can be used? peripheral
What are devices that allow the user to view or listen to the information the computer processes? Output device
Which component of the Computer System allows you to store information? Storage device
Can all storage devices also be used for input? yes
Are CD-ROMs and DVD-ROMs also considered to be output devices? no, they are Read Only Memory (ROM)
Is ROM erased when the computer is turned off? No, but RAM is
Which part of Primary Storage (Memory) holds the data and programs you are working on? RAM
How many bytes are in a terabyte? about one trillion
How many bytes are in a petabyte? about one quadrillion
What is a device that enters data into the computer called? Input device
What category of software is responsible for the general operation of a computer system, including the operation of hardware, running application software, and file management? System Software
What is System software that acts as a “go-between”, allowing computer hardware and other software to communicate with each other? Operating System
What is the built-in software that determines what a computer can do without accessing programs from a disk,that is located in ROM? BIOS
Which operating system was developed by Microsoft that uses a GUI? Microsoft Windows
What is a method of interacting with a computer through graphical images called icons referred to as? Graphical User Interface
Which operating system is a series of Unix-based operating systems and GUIs developed, marketed, and sold by Apple, Inc.? Mac OS X
Which operating system is a family of Unix-like computer operating systems using the Linux kernel that can be installed on hardware from cell phones to supercomputers? Linux
What is a kind of system software designed to help analyze, configure, optimize and maintain the computer? Utility
What category of software was created to allow the user to perform a specific job or task? Application Software
What is a software application is used to create, edit, format, print and save text-based documents, such as letters, reports, and memos? Word Processing
What is a software application is a grid of rows and columns containing numbers, text, and formulas used to perform calculations? Spreadsheets
What is a collection of organized data that allows access, retrieval, and use of data? Database
What is a software application that allows the user to create and save slides to use as a slide show? Presentation Graphics
What is a software application that allows the user to compose and manage e-mail? E-Mail
What is a software application that records and processes accounting transactions within functional modules such as accounts payable, accounts receivable, payroll, and trial balance? Accounting
Do temperature extremes have an affect on magnetic disks, optical discs, and flash drives? yes
Can magnets erase disks? Yes
Can magnets erase discs? no
Are any of the the media discussed (magnetic disks, optical discs, and flash drives) flexible and bendable? no
Is it best to create a label before attaching it to a disk or disc (yes/no)? yes
Is it okay to write on a label already attached to a disk or disc as long as you use a ball-point pen (yes/no)? no, use felt-tipped pen
Should discs be handled by the edges or by the inner hub (yes/no)? yes
Once a disc is scratched is it ruined and cannot be repaired? no
Does it matter if you keep the cap/cover on the plug end of the flash drive when it is not in use? yes, you should keep it on
Created by: Swoozi