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AR DC 1 Unit 4

Arkansas DC 1 Typography

3-D an effect that gives the illusion of depth
Ascender the part of a lowercase character (b, d, f, h, k, l, t) that extends above the x-height
Baseline an imaginary horizontal line along which the base of a letter sets
Bold font style that makes characters appear darker than the surrounding text
Cap height the height of capital letters from the baseline to the top of caps, most accurately measured on a character with a flat bottom (E, H, I, etc.)
Character any written or printed letter, number, or symbol
Character width the horizontal distance of a character
Contoured text text that follows an outline in some type of curved or irregular pattern
Decorative font typefaces designed to attract attention; used in limited situations, mostly in large sizes for headlines or titles (also known as display font)
Descender the part of a character (g, j, p, q, y, and sometimes J) that descends below the baseline
Dingbat a decorative element available in font format
Drop cap the first letter in a story that is enlarged and lowered so the top of the letter is even with the first line of text and the base of the letter drops next to the rest of the paragraph
Em dash a line the width of a capital M in whichever font is being used; is used to indicate a break in thought
En dash a line the width of a capital N in whichever font is being used; is used to connect ranges of numbers, dates, letters
Font a family of alphabetic characters, numbers, punctuation marks and other symbols that share a consistent design; often used synonymously with typeface
Font style the appearance of type (e.g., bold and italics)
Greeking nonsense text used as a placeholder for actual text; also known as lorem ipsum
Hanging indent the first line of a paragraph is flush left, but all remaining lines are indented
Indent a feature that sets a temporary left, right, or left and right margin for paragraph text
Initial cap an enlarged letter that is used as the first character of a paragraph; may be dropped or raised
Italics printed in or using characters that slope to the right
Kerning the adjustment of space between pairs of letters to improve its appearance or alter its fit
Leading the space between lines of text
Point a unit of measurement used ton describe the size of text; one point=1/72 of an inch
Reverse type special formatting style that uses light color text on a dark background
Sans serif typeface without serifs
Script formal or informal typefaces designed to imitate handwriting
Serif typeface with projections extending off the main strokes of a character
Shadow a formatting style that adds depth to text or other objects, aking them appear more three-dimensional
Small cap smaller uppercase letters that are about the same height as lowercase letters
Text wrap a technique that allows text to flow aroud a graphic image
Texture a special formatting style creates the illusion of actual textures such as wood, metal, objects in nature, etc.
Tracking adjusting the spacing between words, phrases, and extended blocks of text
Typography the study of all elements of type as a means of visual communication; includes the shape, size, and spacing of characters
Widow/orphan a very short line of text (single sentence or phrase) that appears alone at the end or beginning of a paragraph or column
x-height the height of lowercase letters, specifically the lowercasex, not including ascenders and descenders
Created by: karenhaley