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Final Terms, Notes

Merrill- Introduction to Art, Art History

QuestionAnswer
Baroque Art Tenebrism, diagonal lines, somewhat gruesome, earth-tone palettes. Religious time period (Galileo's imprisonment).
Baroque Realism Began in Rome with Caravaggio. Stories as they would have been seen through human eyes at the time. No symbols. Still contemporary because they didn't know what previous life was like.
Tenebrism Bright to dark with no shades in between
Versailles French royal palace
Rococo Art Starts in France. Came to represent inherited wealth, power. Frivolous activities of the rich.
Neoclassical Art New Greek and Roman. Rococo's opposite. Came to represent revolution, democracy, humanism, doing the right thing at any cost. Influenced by Renaissance (geometric shapes, diagonal lines, tenebrism).
Romanticism Meant to illicit an emotional response. Man's inhumanity to man. Man's powerlessness against nature. Caravaggio's influence (earth-tone, tenebrism).
Realism Paint only what is seen through the artist's own eyes.
Industrial Revolution Mass production, factories, society did not rely as heavily on agriculture.
Impressionism Painted only what they saw, but from direct observation (paint in tubes). Incorporated senses such as touch. Works were often imprecise or even hazy because surroundings were constantly changing.
Post-Impressionism Merely a term for artists influenced by impressionists.
Expressionism: art to express inner feelings. More personal.
Pointillism Using dots of color instead of strokes. Allows for intermixing of colors.
Optical Mixing The eye mixes different colors, making it more intense. Ex) The eye sees red and blue dots as purple.
Cubism Called themselves realists because the eye only sees a sliver of the truth; everything is comprised of geometric and crystalline shapes which the eye isn't able to see, but we are there. Effect of scientific advancement.
Simultaneous Viewpoints The scene is shown from many different angles. May not be possible seen from the human eye, but we know are there.
Dada Meaningless nonsense. Non-art, meant to baffle. Artists rationalized that logic and reason had gotten us into WWI and were leading towards the destruction of mankind. For the first time, artists worked as activists and tried to reverse the damage.
Conceptual Art Exists only to express the artist's thoughts and ideas.
Automatism "Automatic Writing". Place the pencil in opposite hand and, in a relaxed state, let the subconscious take over. Often used in psychological therapy, but an artist will use this and then complete the work.
Sigmund Freud. No, he's not just the love of my past life. Psychodynamic perspective. Sex, subconscious, sex, incest, sex. <3
Surrealism Beyond the real realm. Subconscious is allowed to take over. Dreams and Freud.
Abstract Expressionism Begins in NY in 1940s. Instantly recognized as American because freedom of expression and size. Europe had just gotten out of war, so the style was greatly admired by other countries.
Pop Art Pop idols became our role models, rather than people with admirable qualities.
Created by: arianaflores