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Final Exam Works

Merrill- Introduction to Art, Art History

QuestionAnswer
The Entombment of Christ Caravaggio 1604, Baroque Meant to include the viewer. Depicts the story as it would have been seen through human eyes at the time. No symbols. Contemporary because they didn’t know what life was like back then. Tenebrism, Diagonal lines.
St. Teresa in Ecstasy Bernini, 1645, Baroque Teresa built convents and monasteries. An angel plunged an arrow (God’s love) with a flaming tip into her heart. Diagonal lines.
The Night Watch Rembrandt, 1642, Baroque Militia men of known identity and status. Tenebrism.
Embarkation for Cythera Watteau, 1718, Rococo Heavy impasto, layers of paint, pastel colors, swirls, busy, hectic, sexual/romantic intrigue, aristocrats at play, affairs outside of marriage, Venus’ mythical island of love, cupids (sexual love) lead them, statue of Venus.
Oath of the Horatii David, 1785, Neoclassical Three best warriors from Rome and neighbor city fought. Brothers swear to fight and die for Rome because it’s their duty. Influenced by Renaissance (geometric shapes, diagonal lines, tenebrism).
The Raft of the Medusa Gericault, 1818, Romanticism Passengers had been stranded for two weeks. They thought they were rescued but the ship disappeared. Represents government corruption. Themes: Man’s inhumanity to man, man is powerless against nature.
The Third of May 1808 Goya, 1814, Romanticism French shot males over a certain age in a Spanish city to quell the Spanish Inquisition. Man was sacrificed for sins of French, man’s inhumanity. Tenebrism, earth-tone palette, Caravaggio influence. Faces of killers are not shown, only the dead matter.
Luncheon on the Grass Edouart Manet, 1863, Realism Because it was realist, the scene had actually happened, therefore controversial. The identities of some of the subjects are known. Women weren’t seen as bold or sexual.
Le Moulin de la Galette Pierre Renoir, 1876, Impressionism Middle class at leisure. Night club, windmill in district of Galette. Shows modernity (big parties, big cities, travel was available, money was dispensable).
Starry Night van Gogh, 1889, Post-Impressionism Painted while he was in an asylum. Heavy impasto, more gestural, strokes are more visible. Death and afterlife. Cyprus tree, nighttime, valley are death. Tree is link between heaven and earth. Touches Venus, one must die to be reunited with loved ones. Co
A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte Seurat, 1884-86, Post-Impressionism Pointillism enhanced shadows and optical mixing. A small leisurely island for Paris’ wealthy. Figures face only straight forward or sideways.
Les Desmoiselles d’Avignon Picasso, 1907, Cubism The young ladies of Avignon street. Influenced by abstract African masks, may symbolize what you see is not always what you get. Simplified objects and figures to geometric shapes.
Fountain Marcel Duchamp, 1917, Dada A urinal from R. Mutt company was sent to a non-jury art exhibit, but it wasn’t accepted. If an artist said it was art, then it was art. Meant to shock audience and instigate debate (only shown behind a curtain to adults). Artists (composer, architect) do
The Persistence of Memory Salvador Dali, 1931, Surrealism Expressed his dreams (thus, subconscious) through art. Time (watch) appears to have stopped for the tree and creature, which should have life. The melting watches might show that time is slipping away, running out. The watch with hidden time is being eate
Number 1 Jackson Pollock, 1949, Abstract Expressionism Whereas objective art restrained the soul, letting the mind take over, non-objective art freed the spirit and emotions. Pollock laid canvas on the floor and flung layers of paint. Influenced by Indian sand art, where they made designs onto the support whi
Gold Marilyn Monroe Andy Warhol, 1962, Pop Art Subject is pop culture, it has influence over our daily lives. Repetition engraves itself into the human mind and makes the object more desirable (Monroe was desirable). This seemingly carelessly made work belittled what society had idolized, making her s
Created by: arianaflores