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Literature LCC WGU17

Literature-Notes Chapter 17

QuestionAnswer
The chivalric code was a deeply ingrained part of which medieval class? Knightly
Which of the following refers to plays based on religious themes that are usually put on by craft guilds in the Middle Ages? Mystery
The core of the warrior code of the early Middle Ages before the Norman Conquest was made up of which of the following: Courage in battle and loyalty to the tribal leader
What is the focus in courtly love, a primary theme in Medieval Literature? Fine manners
In the early Middle Ages, scops, or shapers, and their poetry were important because: They recalled and performed the shared history and beliefs of the people
What is one of the central tensions in early Medieval Literature? Paganism and Christianity
Medieval Romances included a focus on: a. Courtly love b. Encounters with the supernatural c. Legends of heroes
The Norman Conquest of 1066 brings about: A new language and a new system of government
The three estates of the Middles Ages consisted of: The nobility, the clergy, the laborers
The stories of King Arthur were based on an actual king who ruled in the 6th century. False
Chaucer’s knight, in The Canterbury Tales, was considered “worthy” because he: Took part in a long list of crusades
Beowulf was recited throughout the Middle Ages as a representation of England’s heroic past. False
The Mystery Plays offered the following: A dramatization of religious stories that was more approachable than religious services
The cycles of Mystery Plays were performed: . By local guilds using either decorated pageant wagons or temporary staging areas
For what purpose did Morality Plays most likely arise? b. To teach the principles of Christian living in a manner more direct than the Bible Stories and Mystery Plays could offer
Allegory a form of extened metaphor in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative are equated with meanings that lie outside the narrative itself.
Alliterative Romance A metrical romance written in alliterative verse, especially produced during the revival of interest in alliterative peotry in the 14th century
Alliterative Verse a term applied to verse forms, usually Germanic or Celtic in oringin, in which the metrical structure is based on patterned repetition of initial sounds with the lines.
Dream Allegory (or Vision) The dream was ca conventional narrative frame that was widely used in the Miuddle Ages and is still employed on occasion.
Medieval Drama A term that includes all drama in the Middle Ages, though religious drama and its allied forms are usually meant. Medieval religious drama grew out of the lituregical services of the church.
Medieval Romance A tale of adventure in which knights, kings, or distressed ladies, motivated by love, religious faith, or the mere desire for adventure, are the chief figures.
Morality Play a kind of poetic dream that developed in the late 14th century, distinguished from the religious drama proper, such as the myster play, by being a dramatized allegory in which abstractions appear in personified form and struggle for a human soul.
Mystery Play a medieval play based on biblical history; a criptural play
 500-1066CE: o Early Medieval Period o Anglo-Saxon/Old English Period  1066-1500CE: o Medieval Period Medieval Period
Originally spoken (oral poetry) o Warrior code o Good versus Evil o Christian versus Pagan Anglo-Saxon/Old English Period
o Chivalry/Bravery/Adventure o Courtesy/Courtly Love o Religion/Spirituality o Allegory Medieval Period
Anglo-Saxon/Old English Poetry: o Alliterative o Formal language (different than everyday language)
Dramatizations of stories of the Christian Faith  Divine judgment and salvation  Sacrifice Mystery Plays
Principles of Christian living  Allegory Morality Plays
o Courtly love o Heroic adventure o Supernatural elements Medieval Romance
Dream Visions Allegorical
The Venerable Bede Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum (aka Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation)
Caedmon Hymn
Geoffrey Chaucer The Canterbury Tales Troilus and Criseyde The Legend of Good Women Parlement of Fowles
Chrétien de Troyes Yvain, The Knight of the Lion Perceval, The Story of the Grail Lancelot, The Knight of the Cart
Christine de Pizan The Book of the City of Ladies The Book of Three Virtues
Geoffrey of Monmouth Historia Regum Britanniae (aka The History of the Kings of Britain)
John Gower Confessio Amantis The Tale of Apollonius of Tyre Vox Clamantis
Julian of Norwich Revelations of Divine Love
William Langland Piers Plowman
John Lydgate The Life of our Lady The Fall of Princes The Troy Book
Sir Thomas Malory Le Morte D’Arthur
Marie de France The Ysopet Fables The Legend of the Purgatory of St. Patrick
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