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Literature LCC WGU16

Literature-Notes Chapter 16

blank verse Unrhymed but otherwise regular verse, usually iambic pentameter
classic, classical used in senses parallel with those given under classic; hence, of recognized excellence or belonging to established tradition
classical tragedy this term may refer to the tragedy of the ancient Greeks, Romans, as Sophocle's Antigone; or to tragedies with Greek or Roman subjects, as Shakespeare's Coriolanus
muses nine goddesses represented as predsiding over the various departments of art and science
unities the principles of dramatic structure involving the unities of action, time, and place. the most important unity and the only one enjoined by Aristotle is that of action.
Aeschylus Greek-The Orestia
Aristotle Greek-Poetics
Euripides Greek-Medea / The Trojan Women
Homer Greek-Odyssey / Iliad
Plato Greek-The Republic
Sappho Greek-“Hymn to Aphrodite”
Sophocles Greek-Antigone / Oedipus Rex
Horace Roman-The Odes
Juvenal Roman-Satires
Ovid Roman-Metamorphoses
Virgil Roman-The Aeneid
400BCE-500CE Greece and Rome Classical Period
 Tragic love  Accomplishments of heroes  The interactions of gods and goddesses  The afterlife Classical Period
Festivals for the god Dionysus Open air theatres (amphitheatres) Genres-Drama
Unity of time – limits the play to events occurring in one day  Chorus  Included song and dance  Heroic myth, political conflict, mourning, and loss Genres-Drama/Tragedy
 Comedic take on mythological subject matter  Direct references to current events and people  Obscene jokes Genre-Drama/Satyr
 Long narrative poems in hexameter  Contains invocation to the muse  Often focus on great events Genre-Poetry/Epic Poems
 Verse meant to be sung or recited  Expresses emotion Genre-Poetry/Lyric Poems
Erotic subject matter  Stressed emotions over stoicism  Uses elevated language—very polished Genre-Poetry/Erotic Elegy
Pokes fun at society  Uses everyday language Genre-Poetry/Satire
Epic poetry was important to the Greeks because It records the events of a lost heroic age
Who in Classical Greek drama represented the citizens and sang in elevated language? The chorus
The “skene” refers to: The tent from which actors emerged
Epic poetry in Classical Greek Literature is concerned with Gods and goddesses, heroes and heroines
Greek lyric poetry is intended to be: Sung
Which of the following TWO themes are central to BOTH Classical Greek and Roman Literature? Heroic deeds Interactions of gods and goddesses
Which literary genres are considered the “most Roman”? Erotic elegy and satire
For the Greeks, the Iliad and the Odyssey played a similar role to that of the Torah for early Hebrews. True
Homer wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey from an original idea that he developed, which is why they are so famous. False
Greeks blamed humanity for bringing disorder to a harmoniously ordered universe. False
Greek comedy and tragedies developed out of choral performances in honor of Zeus, who is the most powerful of all gods. False
Created by: DanceLots