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Chapter 6


runon sentence two independent clauses (complete sentences) joined together and incorrectly and need to be separated
dangling modifier happens when it is unclear what is being modified
fragment a sentence error that means the sentence is missing either a subject or a verb
parallel construction a sentence that does not keep parts of a series in similar construction
modifier is meant to expand a reader's understanding of the text
usage this refers to how words are used in a language to effectively communicate.
misplaced modifier it is a modifier that is in the wrong place or it is removed from what it should be modifying
action verbs words that tell what is happening
verbs words that express action or a state of being
linking verb connects the subject to a word or phrase in teh sentence
helping verb is used along with another verb to make a verb phrase
present tense expresses action occurring now, always, or repeatedly
past tense expresses a previous action or connection
future tense indicates an action that will begin at a later time
pronoun a word that takes the place of a noun
subject - verb agreement in a sentence this means that the subject and the verb match. If the sentence has a singluar subject, it must also have a singular verb
antecedent of a pronoun a word or phrase or clause to which a pronoun is referring. The pronoun and its antecedent must agree in number, gender, and person
adverb words used to modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs
adjective words used to modify nouns
double negative when two negative words are used to express one negative idea
end punctuation a mark that signals the end of a sentence
period a mark that ends a declarative sentence
question mark a mark that ends a sentence that is asking a question
comma a mark that helps to separate parts of a list or phrases and clauses in a sentence
quotation marks makrs used to signify a direct quote and indicate that whatever is within the marks was said or written exactly as it appears
colon used to introduce a list or sometimes to show particular emphasis on what comes after it
semicolon used to join to independent clauses
apostrophes a mark used to show posession or help to form a contraction
proper noun a noun that names a specific person place or thing and must be capitalized
Created by: upark