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Chapter 5

Writing Process

writing process consists of prewriting/brainstorming, drafting, revising, and editing/proofreading
topic what the essay is supposed to be about
purpose why you are writing the paper
audience who you are writing for, or who will be reading your paper
prewriting is what you do before you actually draft your paper
rainstorming to think about your topic and make lists of ideas, words, or phrases that come to mind
clustering a diagram consisting of bubbles, where in you begin with your topic and other ideas stem from the central topic
outline a type of blueprint for your essay, in which you arrange ideas in the order they will appear in your essay
drafting your first writing sample, where you should not worry about mistakes, only write your paper as it comes to you
introduction the first paragraph of an essay that introduces the main idea and states the thesis of the paper
thesis the central idea for the entire essay
topic sentence a sentence that states the topic of each body paragraph
body the middle paragraphs that follow the introduction and come before the conclusion
conclusion the final paragraph where in you summarize the body of your paper, restate the main ideas, and form any concluding thoughts
supporting details includes explanations, facts, ideas, or anything else that can help you support your thesis and make your point.
closing sentences included in the conclusion of the paper, these sentences seek to link ideas together by giving readers something to think about or act on
chronological order presenting events in the order in which they occur
spatial order is used in descriptive writing because you can arrange your ideas by how you actually see something
parallel construction a way of joining similar ideas and giving them emphasis thought repetition
revising looking at your draft, making changes, and improving it.
tone the writer's attitude or feeling toward the topic
mood the feeling the reader gets from the piece of writing
writing style incorporates the writer's voice - or individual personality
literary devices figures of speech that use on-literal language
imagery using sensory details in writing
analogy a comparison between two things or ideas
irony a device in which words are clearly different from what is actually meant or actions are different from what is expected
euphemism using mild words, isntead of possibly offensive words, to describe something
hyperbole an exaggeration to create an effect
rhetorical question a question asked to make a point, not to receive an answer
sentence variety means writing sentences of different kinds and lengths to make your writing morei nteresting
proofreading also called editing, this means you share what you have written with others and ask for their thoughts on how you can improve, also, when you go through your paper and correct any grammatical errors, etc.
expository a type of writing meant to explain a topic
persuasive a type of writing that seeks to influence a reader to share your point of view
a claim this is a step in persuasive writing. this is the statement of your position on a particular issue
Created by: upark