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Chapter 2

Reading Literature

setting the background for the action of a story
mood the feeling created withing a reader through the author's word choices
tone the writer's attitude toward a subject
atmosphere this is determined by combining the setting, mood, and tone
plot the sequence of events in a story. It consists of the exposition, the rising action, the climax, the falling action, the resolution, and the conflict
subplot this contains a series of related actions, often revolving around secondary characters in teh story
flashback a scene or event that happened before the beginning of a story
foreshadowing the giving of clues about how the plot is going to develop
theme the underlying message of a written work that usually reflects a certain outlook on life
description is an author telling how characters look and dress and what their ages are, just as you might describe a friend of yours to someone else.
narration the telling of a story through a speaker
dialogue a conversation between two or more people
dialect is used to portray a character's cultural and regional heritage by illustrating his or her manner of speaking
characterization a term that refers to the creation of a character through the use and interpretation of dialogue, actions, dialect, thoughts, etc.
literary devices this consists of several different techniques that a writer can use to make their writing more interesting
imagery the use of any words that evoke sensations of sight, hearing, touch, smell, or taste
personification figurative language that refers to animals, ideas, or things as if they were human
pathetic fallacy is closely related to personification, primarily using human emotions or feelins in its comparisons.
symbol an object, person, place, or action that has a meaning in itself and that also represents a meaning beyond itself, such as a quality, an attitude, a belief, or a value
allegory an extended metaphor that continues over an entire work
simile a comparison of 2 unlike things that uses like or as
metaphor a comparison of 2 unlike things that does not use like or as
ambiguities ideas or images written in such a way as to make more than one meaning possible
contradictions allow a reader to see in detail the differences between two ideas or two warring aspects of one character
irony a contrast between what is said or done and what is really intended to be said or done
verbal irony is the contrast or difference between what is said and what is meant
situation irony the contrast between what is believed is going to happen and what really does happen
dramatic irony is created when the audience knows something that one or more of the characters in the story do not
sarcasm another type of irony that takes the form of a statement that is delivered as praise but intended to insult
Created by: upark



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