Save
Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

CVA Definitions

COTA Exam

QuestionAnswer
cerebrovascular accident (stroke) sudden loss of blood supply to the brain that damages and kills brain cells, thus resulting in neurological deficits related to the involved areas of the brain
hemiplegia one-sided paralysis
hemiparesis partial motor loss on one side of the body
transient ischemic attack (TIA) incomplete stroke. temporary. symptoms are usually mild, develop suddenly, and last for a few minutes up to 24 hours
ischemic stroke 80% of total strokes. may be caused by a thrombus (blood clot that causes blockage) or an embolus (traveling blood clot)
hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a rupture of a blood vessel results in bleeding into the brain. 20% of all strokes. high death rate
flaccid paralysis absence of muscle tone
hypotonicity low muscle tone
deep vein thrombosis (DVT) the most common complication after a CVA. usually develops in the paretic leg
subluxation separation of the glenohumeral joint (glenoid fossa of scapular and head of humerus) due to paralysis or weakness of the rotator cuff muscles and spasticity of scapula muscles
synergy flaccid paralysis is often replaced by spastic paralysis resulting in a nonfunctional extremity. clients move the affected extremities in flexion and extension patterns called synergies. may progress to contractures or deformities w/o intervention
hypertonicity high muscle tone. tends to increase with stressful bodily changes such as pain, fatigue, infections, injury, ulcers, and bowel dysfunction
hemianopsia a permanent visual defect after a stroke that results in a loss of vision on the contralateral half of the visual field of the lateral (temporal) aspect of the hemiplegic side and the medial (nasal) aspect of the unaffected side
motor preservation meaningless, nonpurposeful repititon of an action
emotional liability the inability to control the expression of emotions
dysphagia difficulty swallowing or the inability to swallow. caused by sensory loss and muscle weakness in the structures of the mouth and throat
aphasia an acquired language disorder that may result in a wide variety of deficits
alexia difficulty in reading comprehension
agraphia inability to comprehend written expression
acalculia difficulty in mathematical skills
anomia word-finding difficulty
Brocha's aphasia difficulty speaking (expressive)
Wernike's aphasia problems understanding language (receptive)
global aphasia difficulty with speaking and understanding language, combination of Brocha and Wernike
dysarthria difficulty pronouncing many sounds or combinations of sounds, causing slurred speech
Created by: serugh
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards