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Spinal Cord Info

COTA exam stuff

Spinal Cord SectionMusclesPossible Movements
C5 Partial deltiod, biceps, brachioradialis, brachialis, SITS, rhomboids, serratus anterior, teres maj Shouldr abd 80-90 deg, ext/int. rot, flex/ext, horiz abd/add; elbow flex/sup, scap pro/retraction
C6 Pec Maj, serratus anterior, lats, coracobrachialis, pronator teres, wrist extensors (ECRL/ECRB), Shoulder: flex/ext, int/ext rot, add/abd, reach fwd. Wrist:ext. Forearm: pro/sup. Gross grasp/ prehension (tenodesis). Good scapular stability on trunk
C7 Triceps, Pec maj, Lats, thumb muscles (EPL,EPB,APL) FDS,ED,FCR,ECU Elbow ext, full shoulder ROM, finger flex, weak MP joint ext, ulnar wrist ext, radial wrist flex, thumb ext
C8-T1 All UE muscles innervated, hand intrinsics,thumb muscles(AP,FPL,FPB),FDP Full control of UE: finger flex., isolated digit/thumb mvmnt, with FM and prehension.
T4-T9 All UE muscles, partial innervation of intercostal muscles/ long muscles of back Full UE fx, Partial trunk stability, increased endurance
T10-L2 intercostal muscles fully innervated, abs part to fully innervated Good trunk stability, increased phy. endurance
L3-L4 lower back muscles, quadriceps trunk stability/control
L5-S3 Gluteus max, hamstrings, knee flexors, ankle/foot muscles Knee ext, partial to full control of LEs.
S3-S5 Bowel, Bladder, Sex
C1-C3 head/neck, upper traps, diaphragm Talk, chew, swallow, blow, neck control, sip/puff, some scap elevation
C4 Diaphragm, trapezius Respiration; scapular elevation, neck movements
Created by: 100000007924890