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FM Skills 2

Peds Motor Control: FM Skills

QuestionAnswer
General Sequence for Bilateral Muscle Control Development (step 1) Trunk muscle control=free movement of arms and legs
eral Sequence for Bilateral Muscle Control Development (step 2) Free movement of arms/legs can occur on one side of the body (I).Typically occurs on dominant side first. AKA: IPSILATERAL movement
eral Sequence for Bilateral Muscle Control Development (step 3) Control of opposite sides of the body occurs with dominant side first and then non-dominant sides of the body. AKA CONTRALATERAL movement
Contralateral movement is reason for for arm/foot opposition in locomotor skills
*Control of large/proximal muscles by___ years of age typically 6
*Major developmental changes occur___ years of age 4-6
3 different levels of Bilateral Large Muscle: level 1 Touching the body parts to be moved- (concrete/touch based level).
3 different levels of Bilateral Large Muscle: level 2 Pointing to the body parts to be moved (more visual based, less concrete)
3 different levels of Bilateral Large Muscle: level 3 Verbal labels for body parts to be observed ( abstract/language based)
Bilateral motor control involved in FM development progresses from: crude two-hand (bimanual) to one-hand (uni-manual) control for use of two hands to lead/assist for buttoning/cutting activities.
Crude bilateral movements represents the linkage between two hands and involve them working together as one unit, both performing the same action.
Small Muscle Control refers to the control of the small muscles of the wrist, hands, and fingers to grasp, hold and manipulate objects.
Development of unimanual control is associated with: the establishment of hand preference and dominance.
Bimanual control is linked to small muscle control and hand preference for development of lead/assist hands and bimanual functional asymmetry.
Greatest Developmental Changes for unimanual distal control take place between ____ years 4-6
Lesser improvements from ____ years 6-8
Example of activty to assess for distal control: Repetetive hand patting (onto a surface), finger movement tasks, pronation/supination.
Why is hand patting a good action to use for assessment of distal control: Requires alternating use of wrist flexion/extension, hand flexion/extension
Intersensory or sensory-motor integration (def) It's important for child to both see and feel the hand and the arm move as they carry out the movement that gets the hand to the object for grasping and manipulating of the object. This is a natural and spontaneous process of development.
Three functions of the arms and hands used to complete tasks: Positioning the hand- getting the hand in the appropriate location or position for grasping the object of interest.
Three functions of the arms and hands used to complete tasks: Supporting the hand- keeping the arm/hand combination relatively immobile so the necessary hand and finger movements can be executed properly.
Three functions of the arms and hands used to complete tasks: Producing force on some occasions such as required in pounding pegs or turning of door knobs
Positioning the hand, Supporting the hand, Producing force are important for: picking up objects, hold or grasp of the object and execute the movements needed to manipulate the object.
Created by: 100000007924890