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Handwriting2

Occupation of School Ch. 19

QuestionAnswer
Handwriting Assessments Children’s Handwriting Evaluation Scales (CHES-S and CHES, Evaluation Tool of Children’s Handwriting (ETCH)
CHES-S and CHES measures the speed/quality of the child’s handwriting skills.
ETCH evaluates legibility/speed in 6 areas of handwriting: alphabet production of lower/upprcase letters from memory, # writing of 1-12 from memory, near/far point copying, speed, sentence composition in manuscript/cursive formation.
ETCH (cont.) Provides legibility scores compared w/child’s age level.
Classroom Observations Allows OT practitioners to see children work, organize their work/desk surface, and use their time.
Classroom Observations Allows observation of: physical/personal context, temporal context (time of day handwriting is performed), Cultural context (classroom expectations), virtual context (use of comp. in classroom), social context (child’s ability to interact with others)
Developmental Sequence of Prewriting Prewriting skills are prerequisites for handwriting.
Prewriting Depends on development of sensory, cognitive, and motor systems.
Prewriting Helps children develop strength, in-hand manipulation skills, and coordination required for handwriting.
Prewriting Begin with scribbling with their hands in their food, using a spoon as a tool, and leads to holding a crayon and making unrefined strokes/marks on the paper. Which then progresses to imitation/copying of specific lines/shapes.
Developmental Sequencing of Prewriting and Handwriting Skills According to the Peabody Developmental Motor Scale-2: 12mos stirring spoon
Developmental Sequencing of Prewriting and Handwriting Skills According to the Peabody Developmental Motor Scale-2: 14mos scribbling- 1 scribble 1” long
Developmental Sequencing of Prewriting and Handwriting Skills According to the Peabody Developmental Motor Scale-2: 23-24mos Imitation vertical line 2” long
Developmental Sequencing of Prewriting and Handwriting Skills According to the Peabody Developmental Motor Scale-2: 27-28mos Imitation horizontal line 2” long
Developmental Sequencing of Prewriting and Handwriting Skills According to the Peabody Developmental Motor Scale-2: 33-34mos copying circle- end points within ½” of eachother
Developmental Sequencing of Prewriting and Handwriting Skills According to the Peabody Developmental Motor Scale-2: 39-40mos copying cross- intersecting lines within 20° of perpendicular
Developmental Sequencing of Prewriting and Handwriting Skills According to the Peabody Developmental Motor Scale-2: 41-42mos tracing deviates <2 times
Grasping Patterns FYI Children w/handwriting difficulties show a less mature grasp, immature pencil grip, and inconsistent hand preference. dynamic tripod, lateral tripod.
Most mature grasps Lateral tripod, dynamic tripod
In-Hand Manipulation Refers to precise and skilled finger movements made during fine motor tasks.
In-Hand Manipulation Can be observed when a child rotates the pencil to use the eraser.
In-Hand Manipulation Requires strength, timing, coordination.
Created by: 100000007924890