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Occupation of School Ch.19

Handwriting Handwriting abilities are most frequent referral for OT in schools. Primary way academic knowledge is shared/expressed.
Evaluation and Assessment of Handwriting skills Handwriting requires an eval of developmental, motor, sensory, and perceptual functioning.
Evaluation and Assessment of Handwriting skills OT practitioner responsible for evaluating all aspects of handwriting: designing intervention or compensatory strategies; and consulting with children, teachers, parents.
Evaluation and Assessment of Handwriting skills Standardized Assessments: used to determine the factors interfering with handwriting skills.
Evaluation and Assessment of Handwriting skills Developmental Assessments: examine developmental level of a child’s handwriting abilities.
Developmental Assessments Peabody Developmental Motor Scale-2, Hawaii Early Learning Profile (HELP), The Bayley Scale of Infant Development, Erhardt Prehension Assessment, Bruinink-Osteretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP
Bruinink-Osteretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP) (Develop) measures G/FM proficiencies of children 4.5-14.5, testing areas such as response speed, upper limb speed, visual motor control
Erhardt Prehension Assessment (Develop) measures the components of arm/hand development in children.
The Bayley Scale of Infant Development (Develop) assess motor development of children from 1-3.5yrs.
Hawaii Early Learning Profile (HELP) (Develop) can be used to examine pre-handwriting skills for children 0-3yrs. Helpful in tracking development of hand skills.
Peabody Developmental Motor Scale-2 (Develop) evaluates copying/writing readiness skills and provides an age-equivalent score on grasp development, manual dexterity, and developmental writing skills.
Visual Perception ability to organize/interpret what is seen
Visual Perception Assessments Test of Visual Motor Integration-Revised (TVMI), Motor-Free Visual Perception Test-Revised (MVPT)/Test of Visual Perceptual Skills (nonmotor) (TVPS), MFVPT/TVPS
Visual Perception Assessments: TVMI combines both the developmental sequencing of the geometric shapes/visual motor integration.
Visual Perception Assessments: MVPT/TVPS measures nonmotor visual perception in children by testing visual perception without requiring a motor response.
MVPT/TVPS examine the following perceptual skills: Discrimination, Visual Memory, Form Constancy, Sequential Memory, Figure ground, Visual Closure
Discrimination Ability to detect a difference of distinction between one item or picture and another.
Visual Memory Ability to remember a shape or word/recall the info when necessary. Letters-> words->sentences->paragraphs.
Form Constancy Ability to realize/recognize that forms, letters, and numbers are the same or constant whether they’re moved, turned, or changed to a different size.
Sequential Memory ability to remember a sequence or chain of letters to form a word.
Figure Ground ability to identify foreground from the background. Ex: identifying words written on lined paper.
Visual Closure ability to identify forms or objects when given an incomplete appearance.
Created by: 100000007924890